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Uses

Toxic parts

Large quantities of the plant are poisonous[1][2].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Vinca major.

Material uses

The stems are used in basket making[3]. A very good ground cover for covering steep banks and shady places, spreading rapidly once established and forming a dense cover within 2 years[4][5][6][7][8]. It is less dense on dry or exposed sites[9]. Plants are best spaced about 60cm apart each way[10].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The plant is astringent, bitter, detergent, sedative, stomachic and tonic[11][3][12][13][14][15]. It contains the alkaloid 'vincamine', which is used by the pharmaceutical industry as a cerebral stimulant and vasodilator[15]. It also contains 'reserpine', which reduces high blood pressure[15]. It is used internally in the treatment of excessive menstruation, abnormal uterine bleeding, vaginal discharge and hardening of the arteries[15]. It should not be given to patients with constipation[15]. It is applied externally to vaginal discharge, nosebleed, sore throat and mouth ulcers[15]. The plants are cut when flowering and dried for later use[15].

The fresh flowers are gently purgative, but lose their effect on drying[11].

A homeopathic remedy is made from the fresh leaves[11]. It is used in the treatment of haemorrhages[11].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - we have no information on this species but suggest sowing the seed in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe if possible. Sow stored seed in late winter in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Division in spring just before active growth commences[16], or in autumn[17]. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. Plant them out in the summer or the following spring.

Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth, 5 - 10 cm long, October in a cold frame. Roots quickly. High percentage[16].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Vinca major. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

A very easily grown plant, it succeeds in almost any soil[8] but prefers those that are on the richer side[18]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Plants are very shade tolerant but they do not flower so well in deep shade[4][5][6]. They grow well under deciduous trees[19], and in such a situation can succeed in dry soils[7]. Established plants are drought tolerant[7].

A very ornamental[17] and polymorphic plant[8], there are some named forms selected for their ornamental value[19]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[20].

This species rarely if ever sets seed in Britain[11]. It spreads rapidly by long trailing stems that root at their tips and leaf nodes, it can be invasive[11][15]. Once it is established it will swamp out smaller plants[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Vinca major. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Vinca major.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Vinca major
Genus
Vinca
Family
Apocynaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type











References

  1. ? Stary. F. Poisonous Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-35666-3 (1983-00-00)
  2. ? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.2 Knight. F. P. Plants for Shade. Royal Horticultural Society. ISBN 0-900629-78-9 (1980-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Brown. Shade Plants for Garden and Woodland. ()
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Chatto. B. The Dry Garden. Dent ISBN 0460045512 (1982-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Royal Horticultural Society. Ground Cover Plants. Cassells. ISBN 0-304-31089-1 (1989-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.411.511.611.7 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 De. Bray. L. The Wild Garden. ()
  14. ? 14.014.1 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
  15. ? 15.015.115.215.315.415.515.615.715.8 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  17. ? 17.017.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  18. ? 18.018.1 Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
  19. ? 19.019.1 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)
  20. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)


Facts about "Vinca major"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyApocynaceae +
Belongs to genusVinca +
Functions asGround cover +
Has binomial nameVinca major +
Has common nameGreater Periwinkle +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeBees +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateModerate +
Has hardiness zone4 +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useBasketry +
Has mature height0.5 +
Has mature width1 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAstringent +, Bitter +, Detergent +, Homeopathy +, Hypotensive +, Purgative +, Sedative +, Stomachic +, Tonic + and Vasodilator +
Has search namevinca major + and greater periwinkle +
Has shade tolerancePermanent shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameVinca major +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Vinca major +, Vinca major +, Vinca major +, Vinca major +, Vinca major +, Vinca major +, Vinca major +, Vinca major +, Vinca major +, Vinca major + and Vinca major +