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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young leaves - cooked and used like spinach[1][2][3][4]. A famine food, it is only used when all else fails[5].

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Trillium grandiflorum.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The root is diuretic[6]. The raw root is grated and applied as a poultice to the eye in order to reduce swelling[7][8]. The raw root s also used as a poultice on aching rheumatic joints[6].

A decoction of the root bark can be used as drops in treating a sore ear[6]. The grated root is steeped in water and drunk as a tea for the treatment of cramps[7].

The grated root is simmered in water and drunk for the treatment of irregular menses[7][8].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a shaded cold frame as soon as it is ripe[9][10]. Stored seed should be sown in late winter or early spring. Seed usually germinates within 1 - 3 months at 15°c. Another report says that seeds produce a root after the first cold stratification but no shoot is produced until after a second winter[11], whilst yet another report says that the seed can take 3 years to germinate[12]. The seedlings are prone to damp off and must therefore be watered with care and given plenty of fresh air[11]. The young plants need to be overwintered in a cold frame for the first year and can then be planted out in late spring. It is very important that the pots become neither too dry nor too wet[11]. Division with care when the plants die down after flowering[10]. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. Plant them out in the following spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Trillium grandiflorum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a deep well-drained woodland or humus-rich soil in a somewhat shady position that remains moist in the summer[13][14]. Prefers a neutral to slightly acid soil but succeeds in acid or limey soils[10]. Grows well in open woodland[13][15]. Succeeds in deep shade[16]. Succeeds in a sunny position if the soil does not dry out[14][11].

A very ornamental and long-lived plant[13][11][17]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[17], though slugs are very fond of the leaves[12]. A polymorphic species, it is very subject to mutation[15]. Some named varieties have been selected for their ornamental value[10]. Any transplanting is best done whilst the plants are in flower[10].

Plants can flower in two years from seed[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Trillium grandiflorum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Trillium grandiflorum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Trillium grandiflorum
Genus
Trillium
Family
Trilliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Trilliumgrand.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Trilliumgrand.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Trilliumgrand.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Trilliumgrand.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Trilliumgrand.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Trilliumgrand.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Trilliumgrand.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Trilliumgrand.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Trilliumgrand.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Trilliumgrand.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Trilliumgrand.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Trilliumgrand.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.2 Weiner. M. A. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. Ballantine Books ISBN 0-449-90589-6 (1980-00-00)
    9. ? Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 2. Thompson and Morgan. (1988-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.411.5 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 3. Thompson and Morgan. (1989-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Grey. C. H. Hardy Bulbs. Williams & Norgate. (1938-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Phillips. R. and Rix. M. Bulbs Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30253-1 (1989-00-00)
    16. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
    17. ? 17.017.1 Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
    18. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)

    "image:Trilliumgrand.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Trillium grandiflorum"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyTrilliaceae +
    Belongs to genusTrillium +
    Has binomial nameTrillium grandiflorum +
    Has common nameWhite Trillium +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partLeaves +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeFlies +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone5 +
    Has imageTrilliumgrand.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has mature height0.4 +
    Has mature width0.3 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntispasmodic +, Diuretic +, Emmenagogue + and Ophthalmic +
    Has primary imageTrilliumgrand.jpg +
    Has search nametrillium grandiflorum + and white trillium +
    Has shade tolerancePermanent shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameTrillium grandiflorum +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Trillium grandiflorum +, Trillium grandiflorum +, Trillium grandiflorum +, Trillium grandiflorum + and Trillium grandiflorum +