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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

A highly perfumed balsamic gum is obtained from the branches and stems[1]. It is occasionally used as a condiment[1]. This gum is almost certainly the resin described below[K].

Unknown part

Material uses

The fragrant resin 'storax' is obtained by wounding the stem[2][3]. It is used medicinally, in perfumes, incense etc[4][5]. The fruits are used as beads in rosaries etc[3][5][6].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

A resin obtained from the stems of the plant is antiseptic and expectorant[4][7][8].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - requires stratification and is best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[4]. Stored seed requires 3 months warm then 3 months cold stratification[9]. Germination is usually good, prick out the seedlings into individual pots once they are large enough to handle. Overwinter in a greenhouse for the first winter and plant out in late spring.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[9].

Layering in autumn.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Styrax officinalis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a light lime-free soil in sun or semi-shade[4][10]. If planted out when young into a planting hole that has been filled with a light lime-free soil the plants will successfully grow into the surrounding soil[4]. Prefers a warm sheltered position with protection from the morning sun[4]. Dislikes wet soils. Established plants are drought tolerant, they grow better in Britain when the summer is dry.

This species is not very hardy outdoors in Britain. Dormant plants tolerate temperatures down to about -5°c[10] but the young growth is liable to be damaged by late frosts[4]. Succeeds in the milder parts of the country[11]. Plants were growing and fruiting well on a west-facing wall at Kew in 1992[K]. Plants do not flower freely unless in a warm sunny spot or on a south facing wall[6]. The flowers are very fragrant[12].

Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[10].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Styrax officinalis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Styrax officinalis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Styrax officinalis
Genus
Styrax
Family
Styracaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
9
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
5 x 2 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Styrax officinalis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Styrax officinalis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Styrax officinalis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Styrax officinalis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Styrax officinalis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Styrax officinalis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Styrax officinalis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Styrax officinalis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Styrax officinalis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Styrax officinalis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Styrax officinalis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Howes. F. N. Vegetable Gums and Resins. Faber ()
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 Polunin. O. and Huxley. A. Flowers of the Mediterranean. Hogarth Press ISBN 0-7012-0784-1 (1987-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.64.74.84.9 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.2 Niebuhr. A. D. Herbs of Greece. Herb Society of America. (1970-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Haywood. V. H. Flowering Plants of the World. Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-217674-9 ()
  8. ? 8.08.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  11. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  12. ? Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
  13. ? Polunin. O. Flowers of Greece and the Balkans. Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-217626-9 (1980-00-00)

"image:Styrax officinalis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Styrax officinalis"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyStyracaceae +
Belongs to genusStyrax +
Has binomial nameStyrax officinalis +
Has common nameStorax Tree +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part +
Has edible useCondiment +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateSlow +
Has hardiness zone9 +
Has imageStyrax officinalis.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useBeads + and Resin +
Has mature height5 +
Has mature width2 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntiseptic + and Expectorant +
Has primary imageStyrax officinalis.jpg +
Has search namestyrax officinalis + and storax tree +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid + and Neutral +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameStyrax officinalis +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheSecondary canopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Styrax officinalis +, Styrax officinalis +, Styrax officinalis +, Styrax officinalis + and Styrax officinalis +