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Uses

Toxic parts

The seeds probably contain hydrogen cyanide. This is the ingredient that gives almonds their characteristic flavour. Unless the seed is very bitter it should be perfectly safe in reasonable quantities. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2]. Rich in iron and vitamin C[3][4]. The fruit is used mainly in making pies, preserves etc, but it can also be eaten raw after a frost because it turns sweeter then[2][5]. The fruit has a high tannin content and so should only be used in moderation if eaten raw[4]. It can also be dried and ground into a meal[4]. The fruit is produced in dense clusters and is up to 8mm in diameter[6].

Fruit

Material uses

Wood - soft, light, close grained, with little strength[7][8][9]. It weighs about 34lb per cubic foot[9] and is of no commercial value[8].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The inner bark has astringent and antiseptic properties[3]. It is also used as a blood purifier and appetite stimulant[10]. An infusion is used (sometimes with the terminal buds added) in the treatment of colds, debility, diarrhoea etc[11][10]. When mixed with sweet flag (Acorus calamus) it is used as a tonic[10].

A poultice of the burnt bark has been used in the treatment of boils[10]. The fruit is antiscorbutic, diuretic, mildly laxative, astringent and digestive[4][10]. It is an ideal accompaniment for foods that are hard to digest[4]. A tea from the berries is antiscorbutic and astringent[3][11]. It has been used as a rectal wash for piles[3].

It is also used in homeopathic remedies[12][7].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy or Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[13][14]. If you have sufficient seed it can be sown in an outdoor seedbed[13][14]. Stored seed germinates better if given 2 weeks warm then 14 - 16 weeks cold stratification[15], so sow it as early in the year as possible. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Seedlings are very slow to put on top-growth for their first year or two[16], but they are busy building up a good root system. It is best to keep them in pots in a cold frame for their first winter and then plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Sorbus americana. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most reasonably good soils in an open sunny position[16]. Tolerates partial shade[17], though it fruits better in a sunny position[K]. Dislikes dry soils[17]. Able to succeed in poor soils and to become established on exposed open ground[8].

A slow-growing and relatively short-lived tree in the wild[8], it fruits freely in Britain[16].

Plants are susceptible to fireblight[17].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Sorbus americana. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Sorbus americana.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Sorbus americana
Genus
Sorbus
Family
Rosaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
2
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
10 x 7 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Sorbus americana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Sorbus americana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Sorbus americana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Sorbus americana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Sorbus americana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Sorbus americana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Sorbus americana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Sorbus americana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Sorbus americana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Sorbus americana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Sorbus americana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Sorbus americana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Sorbus americana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Elias. T. and Dykeman. P. A Field Guide to N. American Edible Wild Plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold ISBN 0442222009 (1982-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Turner. N. J. and Szczawinski. A. Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences (1978-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.5 Weiner. M. A. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. Ballantine Books ISBN 0-449-90589-6 (1980-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.6 Lauriault. J. Identification Guide to the Trees of Canada Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Ontario. ISBN 0889025649 (1989-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.4 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.2 Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.5 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
  15. ? Gordon. A. G. and Rowe. D. C. f. Seed Manual for Ornamental Trees and Shrubs. ()
  16. ? 16.016.116.216.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  17. ? 17.017.117.2 Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
  18. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)

"image:Sorbus americana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Sorbus americana"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyRosaceae +
Belongs to genusSorbus +
Has common nameAmerican Mountain Ash +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partFruit +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeInsects +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateSlow +
Has hardiness zone2 +
Has imageSorbus americana.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useWood +
Has mature height10 +
Has mature width7 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntiscorbutic +, Antiseptic +, Appetizer +, Astringent +, Blood purifier +, Digestive +, Diuretic +, Laxative + and Miscellany +
Has primary imageSorbus americana.jpg +
Has search namesorbus americana + and x +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomy nameSorbus americana +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy + and Secondary canopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +