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Uses

Toxic parts

Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many members of this genus an acid-lemon flavour. Perfectly alright in small quantities, the leaves should not be eaten in large amounts since the oxalic acid can lock-up other nutrients in the food, especially calcium, thus causing mineral deficiencies. The oxalic acid content will be reduced if the plant is cooked. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since it can aggravate their condition[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves - raw or cooked[2][3][4]. They can also be dried for later use[5]. The leaves can be added to salads, cooked as a potherb or added to soups[6]. Only the very young leaves should be used, preferably before the stems have developed, and even these are likely to be bitter[5][7][8]. If used in early spring and in the autumn they can often be fairly pleasant tasting[85, 159, K]. The leaves are very rich in vitamins and minerals, especially iron and the vitamins A and C[6][9]. A nutritional analysis is available[10].

Stems - raw or cooked[8]. They are best peeled and the inner portion eaten[8]. Seed - raw or cooked[11][8]. It can be used as a piñole or can be ground into a powder and used as a flour for making pancakes etc[3][12][6][8]. The seed is very fiddly to harvest and prepare[13].

The roasted seed has been used as a coffee substitute[14].

Unknown part

Leaves

Material uses

Yellow, dark green to brown and dark grey dyes can be obtained from the roots. They do not need a mordant[15]. An alternative ingredient of 'QR' herbal compost activator[16]. (is it the flowers?) This is a dried and powdered mixture of several herbs that can be added to a compost heap in order to speed up bacterial activity and thus shorten the time needed to make the compost[K].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Curled dock has a long history of domestic herbal use. It is a gentle and safe laxative, less powerful than rhubarb in its action so it is particularly useful in the treatment of mild constipation[17]. The plant has valuable cleansing properties and is useful for treating a wide range of skin problems[17]. All parts of the plant can be used, though the root is most active medicinally.

The root is alterative, antiscorbutic, astringent, cholagogue, depurative, laxative and mildly tonic[18][19][20][21][22]. It used to be sold as a tonic and laxative[23]. It can cause or relieve diarrhoea according to the dose, harvest time and relative concentrations of tannin(astringent) and anthraquinones (laxative) that are present[24]. It is used internally in the treatment of constipation, diarrhoea, piles, bleeding of the lungs, various blood complaints and also chronic skin diseases[18][1][8]. Externally, the root can be mashed and used as a poultice and salve, or dried and used as a dusting powder, on sores, ulcers, wounds and various other skin problems[8]. The root has been used with positive effect to restrain the inroads made by cancer, being used as an alterative and tonic[18]. The root is harvested in early spring and dried for later use[18]. Some caution is advised in its use since excess doses can cause gastric disturbance, nausea and dermatitis[24][1]. The seed is used in the treatment of diarrhoea[18][10].

A homeopathic remedy is made from the fresh root, harvested in the autumn before frost has touched the plant[25]. It is only used in the treatment of a specific type of cough[25].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - this plant does not require any help in its propagation.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Rumex crispus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils, preferring a moist moderately fertile well-drained soil in a sunny position[26]. The plant does not need any help in growing, it is doing very nicely in Britain where it is a serious weed of agriculture. A very important food plant for the caterpillars of many species of butterfly[27].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Rumex crispus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Rumex crispus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Rumex crispus
Genus
Rumex
Family
Polygonaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Rumex crispus2.jpeg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Rumex crispus2.jpeg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Rumex crispus2.jpeg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Rumex crispus2.jpeg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Rumex crispus2.jpeg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Rumex crispus2.jpeg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Rumex crispus2.jpeg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Rumex crispus2.jpeg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Rumex crispus2.jpeg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Rumex crispus2.jpeg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Rumex crispus2.jpeg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Mabey. R. Food for Free. Collins ISBN 0-00-219060-5 (1974-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Harrington. H. D. Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains. University of New Mexico Press ISBN 0-8623-0343-9 (1967-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 McPherson. A. and S. Wild Food Plants of Indiana. Indiana University Press ISBN 0-253-28925-4 (1977-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Loewenfeld. C. and Back. P. Britain's Wild Larder. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-7971-2 ()
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Saunders. C. F. Edible and Useful Wild Plants of the United States and Canada. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-23310-3 (1976-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.58.68.78.8 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. ISBN 0-330-30725-8 (1990-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
    12. ? 12.012.1 Kavasch. B. Native Harvests. Vintage Books ISBN 0-394-72811-4 (1979-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Elias. T. and Dykeman. P. A Field Guide to N. American Edible Wild Plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold ISBN 0442222009 (1982-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.1 Bruce. M. E. Commonsense Compost Making. Faber ISBN 0-571-09990-4 (1977-00-00)
    17. ? 17.017.117.2 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    18. ? 18.018.118.218.318.418.5 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    19. ? 19.019.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
    20. ? 20.020.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    21. ? 21.021.1 Sweet. M. Common Edible and Useful Plants of the West. Naturegraph Co. ISBN 0-911010-54-8 (1962-00-00)
    22. ? 22.022.1 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
    23. ? 23.023.1 Craighead. J., Craighead. F. and Davis. R. A Field Guide to Rocky Mountain Wildflowers The Riverside Press ISBN 63-7093 (1963-00-00)
    24. ? 24.024.124.2 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    25. ? 25.025.125.2 Castro. M. The Complete Homeopathy Handbook. Macmillan. London. ISBN 0-333-55581-3 (1990-00-00)
    26. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    27. ? Carter D. Butterflies and Moths in Britain and Europe. Pan ISBN 0-330-26642-x (1982-00-00)
    28. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

    "image:Rumex crispus2.jpeg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Rumex crispus"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyPolygonaceae +
    Belongs to genusRumex +
    Has binomial nameRumex crispus +
    Has common nameCurled Dock +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part +, Leaves + and Seed +
    Has edible useCoffee + and Unknown use +
    Has fertility typeWind +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone5 +
    Has imageRumex crispus2.jpeg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useCompost + and Dye +
    Has mature height0.6 +
    Has mature width0.3 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAlterative +, Antiscorbutic +, Astringent +, Cancer +, Cholagogue +, Depurative +, Homeopathy +, Laxative +, Poultice +, Salve + and Tonic +
    Has primary imageRumex crispus2.jpeg +
    Has search namerumex crispus + and curled dock +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameRumex crispus +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Rumex crispus +, Rumex crispus +, Rumex crispus +, Rumex crispus +, Rumex crispus +, Rumex crispus +, Rumex crispus +, Rumex crispus +, Rumex crispus +, Rumex crispus +, Rumex crispus +, Rumex crispus +, Rumex crispus +, Rumex crispus +, Rumex crispus + and Rumex crispus +