Botanical description

A shrub with a perennial root system bearing fruit on biennial canes. Canes are covered in fine red hair-like thorns.[10][7][11] Canes grow to full height (1 - 3 metres) in the first year, unbranched with large pinnate leaves with three or five leaflets. Second year canes produce side shoots bearing smaller leaves with three leaflets. Leaves have a white underside.[10]

Flowers are produced late spring on short, bristly racemes on the tips of the second year side shoots. Flowers are white or red to pink have a bristly calyx and are 6 - 10mm in diameter.[7][10] The fruits are between 1 - 2cm in diameter ripening in late summer to early autumn.[8][10] Fruits are aggregrates of numerous drupelets around a central core.[10] A protective calyx surrounds the fruit as it ripens.[10][7][12]

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Produces abundant fruit mid-summer to early autumn[7][7]. The fruit is about 20mm in diameter[8]. Fruits are protected from pests by leafy calyces until ripe[7]. The name most likely refers to the colour of the berries - they do not have to be made into wine![7] The fresh fruits do not store long but the ripening period can extend over a long time[7].

Fruit

Raw, cooked as a Fruit
Fermented as a Wine

Material uses

Fruit

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Rubus phoenicolasius.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Shrub

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

By seed, tip layering[7] or division[13].

Tip layering in summer. Plant out in autumn. Division in early spring.[13]

Seed

Seed - requires stratification, is best sown in early autumn in a cold frame. Sow stored seed as early as possible in the year in a cold frame and stratify for a month at 3°c if sowing later than February. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and grow on in a cold frame. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring of the following year.[13]


Cultivation

Easily grown in a good well-drained loamy soil in sun or semi-shade[1][6][8], preferring light shade[14]. Hardy to about -18°c[14]. Some damage may be caused at this temperature but plants usually recover well[14].

A very ornamental plant, its red stems adding colour to the winter garden[1], it is sometimes cultivated for its edible fruit[1][15].

This species has biennial stems, it produces a number of new stems each year from the perennial rootstock, these stems fruit in their second year and then die[8]. To prevent the plant from spreading don't let the shoot tips root[7].

Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[8].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Rubus phoenicolasius. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Rubus phoenicolasius.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Rubus phoenicolasius
Genus
Rubus
Family
Rosaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
partial shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems [13]
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    Native Environment
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life [7]
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    white, pink
    Flower Type

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    "image:Japanse_wijnbes_rijpe_vruchten.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (32202/01/01)
    2. ? Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (32202/01/01)
    3. ? Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 (32202/01/01)
    4. ? Harrison. S. Wallis. M. Masefield. G. The Oxford Book of Food Plants. Oxford University Press (32202/01/01)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Facciola, Stephen. Cornucopia II: A source book of edible plants. Kampong ISBN 978-0-9628087-2-2 (1998/03/01)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (32202/01/01)
    7. ? 7.007.017.027.037.047.057.067.077.087.097.107.117.12 Crawford, Matin. Creating a Forest Garden: Working with nature to grow edible crops Green Books ISBN 978-1-900322-62-1 (2010/03/01)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
    9. ? Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (32202/01/01)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.5 [Rubus phoenicolasius] Wikipedia (2013/03/23)
    11. ? Hart, Robert. Forest Gardening: Cultivating an edible landscape. Chelsea Green ISBN 0-930031-84-9 (1996/03/01)
    12. ? Fern, Ken. Plants for a Future: Edible and useful plants for a healthier world. Permanent Publications ISBN 1-85623-011-2 (1997/03/01)
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Fern, Ken. [Rubus phoenicolasius Japanese Wineberry] Plants for a Future (2013/03/23)
    14. ? 14.014.114.2 Davis. B. Climbers and Wall Shrubs. Viking. ISBN 0-670-82929-3 (32202/01/01)
    15. ? Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (32202/01/01)

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    Facts about "Rubus phoenicolasius"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteNo +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupNo +
    Belongs to familyRosaceae +
    Belongs to genusRubus +
    Has common nameJapanese Wineberry +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFruit +
    Has edible useFruit + and Wine +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +
    Has flowers of colourwhite + and pink +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has growth rateModerate +
    Has hardiness zone5 +
    Has imageJapanse wijnbes rijpe vruchten.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partFruit +
    Has material useDye +
    Has mature height1.5 - 2 +
    Has mature width2 +
    Has primary imageJapanse_wijnbes_rijpe_vruchten.jpg +
    Has search namerubus phoenicolasius + and x +
    Has seed requiring scarificationNo +
    Has seed requiring stratificationYes +
    Has shade tolerancePartial shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
    Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
    Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomy nameRubus phoenicolasius +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheShrub +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is grown fromSeeds + and Layering +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    Native to environmentForest edge + and Clearing +
    Native to geographical rangeEast Asia +, Japan + and Korea northern China +
    Tolerates air pollutionNo +
    Tolerates maritime exposureNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Tolerates windNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMetres +