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Uses

Toxic parts

There is a layer of hairs around the seeds just beneath the flesh of the fruit. These hairs can cause irritation to the mouth and digestive tract if ingested.

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2][3]. They are used in making jams, jellies etc. The taste and texture are best after a frost[4]. The fruit can also be dried and used to make a pleasant tasting fruity-flavoured tea[5]. The fruit is up to 15mm in diameter[6], but there is only a thin layer of flesh surrounding the many seeds[K]. Some care has to be taken when eating this fruit, see the notes above on known hazards.

Young shoots - raw[7]. Harvested whilst still tender in the spring, they are best peeled[3]. Petals - raw. Remove the bitter white base[7]. The seed is a good source of vitamin E, it can be ground into a powder and mixed with flour or added to other foods as a supplement[8][5]. Be sure to remove the seed hairs[8].

The bark, young shoots, leaves and fruit have all been used to make tea-like beverages[3].

Flowers

Fruit

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Rosa woodsii.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The seeds have been used as a poultice to produce a drawing effect for treating muscular pains[3].

An infusion of the leaves has been used as a spring tonic[3]. A poultice of the chewed leaves has been used to allay the pain of bee stings[3]. The leaves have been placed in the shoes as a protection from athletes foot[3]. The roots are blood tonic and diuretic[3]. A decoction of the roots has been used by adults and children in the treatment of diarrhoea and intestinal influenza[3]. A decoction of the root or inner bark has been used in the treatment of colds[3]. An infusion of the fruits has been used in the treatment of coughs[3]. Various parts of the plant have been used to make poultices to apply to burns, sores, cuts, swellings and wounds[3]. A decoction of the branches, combined with chokecherry (Prunus virginiana) and red willow (Salix bonplandiana), has been used in the treatment of various women's complaints, diarrhoea and vomiting[3].

The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers[9].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed. Rose seed often takes two years to germinate. This is because it may need a warm spell of weather after a cold spell in order to mature the embryo and reduce the seedcoat[10]. One possible way to reduce this time is to scarify the seed and then place it for 2 - 3 weeks in damp peat at a temperature of 27 - 32°c (by which time the seed should have imbibed). It is then kept at 3°c for the next 4 months by which time it should be starting to germinate[10]. Alternatively, it is possible that seed harvested 'green' (when it is fully developed but before it has dried on the plant) and sown immediately will germinate in the late winter. This method has not as yet(1988) been fully tested[10]. Seed sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame sometimes germinates in spring though it may take 18 months. Stored seed can be sown as early in the year as possible and stratified for 6 weeks at 5°c[6]. It may take 2 years to germinate[6]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Plant out in the summer if the plants are more than 25cm tall, otherwise grow on in a cold frame for the winter and plant out in late spring. Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July in a shaded frame. Overwinter the plants in the frame and plant out in late spring[11]. High percentage[11].

Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth. Select pencil thick shoots in early autumn that are about 20 - 25cm long and plant them in a sheltered position outdoors or in a cold frame[11][6]. The cuttings can take 12 months to establish but a high percentage of them normally succeed[11]. Division of suckers in the dormant season. Plant them out direct into their permanent positions.

Layering. Takes 12 months[12].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Rosa woodsii. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most well-drained soils[12], preferring a circumneutral soil and a sunny position[6]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Dislikes water-logged soils[6].

Grows well with alliums, parsley, mignonette and lupins[13][14]. Garlic planted nearby can help protect the plant from disease and insect predation[13][14]. Grows badly with boxwood[13]. Closely related to and hybridizes in the wild with R. blanda[12]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[10].

Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[6].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Rosa woodsii. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Rosa woodsii.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Rosa woodsii
Genus
Rosa
Family
Rosaceae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    2 x meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Turner. N. J. and Szczawinski. A. Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences (1978-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Arnberger. L. P. Flowers of the Southwest Mountains. Southwestern Monuments Ass. (1968-00-00)
    3. ? 3.003.013.023.033.043.053.063.073.083.093.103.113.123.133.14 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Brooklyn Botanic Garden Oriental Herbs and Vegetables, Vol 39 No. 2. Brooklyn Botanic Garden (1986-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.76.8 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.2 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
    8. ? 8.08.18.2 Kavasch. B. Native Harvests. Vintage Books ISBN 0-394-72811-4 (1979-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Matthews. V. The New Plantsman. Volume 1, 1994. Royal Horticultural Society ISBN 1352-4186 (1994-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.212.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.2 Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins (1979-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (1978-00-00)
    15. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-43

    Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-212" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.


    Facts about "Rosa woodsii"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyRosaceae +
    Belongs to genusRosa +
    Has binomial nameRosa woodsii +
    Has common nameWestern Wild Rose +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFlowers +, Fruit +, Stem + and Unknown part +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Tea +
    Has fertility typeBees +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone4 +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has mature height2 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnalgesic +, Astringent +, Cancer +, Diuretic +, Foot care +, Poultice +, Salve +, Stings + and Women's complaints +
    Has search namerosa woodsii + and western wild rose +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameRosa woodsii +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Rosa woodsii +, Rosa woodsii +, Rosa woodsii +, Rosa woodsii +, Rosa woodsii +, Rosa woodsii +, Rosa woodsii +, Rosa woodsii +, Rosa woodsii +, Rosa woodsii +, Rosa woodsii +, Rosa woodsii + and Rosa woodsii +