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Uses

Toxic parts

There is a layer of hairs around the seeds just beneath the flesh of the fruit. These hairs can cause irritation to the mouth and digestive tract if ingested.

Edible uses

Notes

Petals - raw or cooked. They can be added as a decorative garnish to salads[1], and can also be crystallised or preserved in syrup. They are also dried and used as a flavouring in tea, beverages, cakes etc[2][3]. The dried petals and flower buds are an important ingredient in the Northern African spice mixture 'ras-el-hanout'[1].

Rose water, made by cold-infusing the petals, is used as a flavouring in various confections, especially 'Turkish Delight'[1].

The seed is a good source of vitamin E, it can be ground and mixed with flour or added to other foods as a supplement[4][3]. Be sure to remove the seed hairs[4].

Unknown part

Flowers

Material uses

An essential oil obtained from the flowers is used in perfumery[5], as an additive to bath water and in skin care preparations[1]. Rose water, made by a cold infusion of the petals, is also added to bath water and skin care preparations[1]. The dried petals and buds are used in pot-pourri[1].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The petals are antibacterial, astringent and tonic[6][7]. They are taken internally in the treatment of colds, bronchial infections, gastritis, diarrhoea, depression and lethargy[1]. Externally, they are used to treat eye infections, sore throats, minor injuries and skin problems[1].

The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers[8].

The essential oil from the flowers is used in aromatherapy to counter depression, anxiety and negative feelings[1].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed. Rose seed often takes two years to germinate. This is because it may need a warm spell of weather after a cold spell in order to mature the embryo and reduce the seedcoat[9]. One possible way to reduce this time is to scarify the seed and then place it for 2 - 3 weeks in damp peat at a temperature of 27 - 32°c (by which time the seed should have imbibed). It is then kept at 3°c for the next 4 months by which time it should be starting to germinate[9]. Alternatively, it is possible that seed harvested 'green' (when it is fully developed but before it has dried on the plant) and sown immediately will germinate in the late winter. This method has not as yet(1988) been fully tested[9]. Seed sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame sometimes germinates in spring though it may take 18 months. Stored seed can be sown as early in the year as possible and stratified for 6 weeks at 5°c[10]. It may take 2 years to germinate[10]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Plant out in the summer if the plants are more than 25cm tall, otherwise grow on in a cold frame for the winter and plant out in late spring.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July in a shaded frame. Overwinter the plants in the frame and plant out in late spring[11]. High percentage[11]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth. Select pencil thick shoots in early autumn that are about 20 - 25cm long and plant them in a sheltered position outdoors or in a cold frame[11][10]. The cuttings can take 12 months to establish but a high percentage of them normally succeed[11]. Division of suckers in the dormant season. Plant them out direct into their permanent positions.

Layering. Takes 12 months[12].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Rosa gallica. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils[12], preferring a circumneutral soil and a sunny position[10]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Dislikes water-logged soils[10].

Grows well with alliums, parsley, mignonette and lupins[13][14]. Garlic planted nearby can help protect the plant from disease and insect predation[13][14]. Grows badly with boxwood[13]. A very ornamental plant[15], the flowers have a spicy fragrance[16]. It is cultivated for its essential oil in Eastern Europe[5]. There are some named varieties[10]. 'Officinalis' is the Apothecary's rose, it has been cultivated for its medicinal virtues[10]. Plants produce suckers[10]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[9].

Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[10].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Rosa gallica. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Rosa gallica.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Rosa gallica
Genus
Rosa
Family
Rosaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    2 x 1 meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Wild Rosa gallica Romania.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Wild Rosa gallica Romania.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Wild Rosa gallica Romania.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Wild Rosa gallica Romania.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? 1.001.011.021.031.041.051.061.071.081.091.101.11 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Kavasch. B. Native Harvests. Vintage Books ISBN 0-394-72811-4 (1979-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Matthews. V. The New Plantsman. Volume 1, 1994. Royal Horticultural Society ISBN 1352-4186 (1994-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.510.610.710.810.9 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.2 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.2 Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins (1979-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (1978-00-00)
    15. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    16. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    17. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-50

    "image:Wild Rosa gallica Romania.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Rosa gallica"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyRosaceae +
    Belongs to genusRosa +
    Has binomial nameRosa gallica +
    Has common nameFrench Rose +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part + and Flowers +
    Has edible useCondiment + and Unknown use +
    Has fertility typeBees +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone5 +
    Has imageWild Rosa gallica Romania.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useEssential + and Pot-pourri +
    Has mature height2 +
    Has mature width1 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntibacterial +, Aromatherapy +, Astringent +, Cancer + and Tonic +
    Has primary imageWild Rosa gallica Romania.jpg +
    Has search namerosa gallica + and french rose +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameRosa gallica +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Rosa gallica +, Rosa gallica +, Rosa gallica +, Rosa gallica +, Rosa gallica +, Rosa gallica +, Rosa gallica +, Rosa gallica + and Rosa gallica +