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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young leaves - raw or cooked in soups etc[1]. They have a mild flavour and are available in late winter[K].

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Primula elatior.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The root is diuretic and expectorant[2][1]. It is used in the treatment of coughs, flu and other febrile conditions, insomnia and migraine[2][1]. The root can be harvested in the spring or autumn and is dried for later use[2].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[3]. Sow stored seed in early spring in a cold frame[4]. Germination is inhibited by temperatures above 20°c[5]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when large enough to handle and plant out in the summer. Division in autumn. This is best done every other year[5].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Primula elatior. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a medium to heavy moisture retentive humus rich loam in a cool position with light to medium shade[5], though it succeeds in heavier shade[6]. Grows well in heavy clay soils and in chalky soils[6].

A very ornamental plant[4], there are a number of subspecies[6]. The subspecies P. elatior meyeri is a parent of the P. x pruhonicensis group of ornamental hybrids[6].

This species hybridizes readily with P. vulgaris[7].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Primula elatior. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Primula elatior.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Primula elatior
Genus
Primula
Family
Primulaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
partial sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.4 Triska. Dr. Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-33545-3 (1975-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
    3. ? Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 1. Thompson and Morgan. (1987-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

    Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-50" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.

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    Facts about "Primula elatior"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyPrimulaceae +
    Belongs to genusPrimula +
    Has binomial namePrimula elatior +
    Has common nameOxlip +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partLeaves +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bees +, Lepidoptera + and Self +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone3 +
    Has imagePrimula elatior 170405a.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has mature height0.3 +
    Has mature width0.15 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useDiuretic +, Expectorant + and Miscellany +
    Has primary imagePrimula elatior 170405a.jpg +
    Has search nameprimula elatior + and oxlip +
    Has shade tolerancePermanent shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceLoamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
    Has sun preferencePartial sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy namePrimula elatior +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Primula elatior +, Primula elatior +, Primula elatior + and Primula elatior +