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Uses

Toxic parts

The root is highly purgative[1].

Edible uses

Notes

The roasted seed is used as a coffee substitute[1].

An edible nectar is obtained from the flowers[1].

An edible gum is obtained from the base of the leaves[1].

Unknown part

Material uses

A high quality pliable fibre is obtained from the leaves[2]. A gum found at the base of the leaves is used as a paper glue[1].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Phormium cookianum.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Sow stored seed in February in a cold frame. Germination is sometimes poor but should take place in 1 - 6 months at 15°c. The seedlings are very variable. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. The seed remains viable for about 12 months in normal storage[3]. Division in spring as growth commences. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Phormium cookianum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a rich loamy soil[3] but is not too fussy, succeeding in peaty soils and in boggy moorland[4]. Tolerates light shade[3] but prefers full sun[5]. Plants can be grown in quite coarse grass, which can be cut annually in the autumn[6]. Very tolerant of maritime exposure, this species is recommended for coastal plantings[7][8].

Hardy to about -10°c[8]. Polymorphic, there are many named varieties[5]. This species often hybridizes with P. tenax and there are many cultivars of uncertain origin.

Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[6].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Phormium cookianum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Phormium cookianum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Phormium cookianum
Genus
Phormium
Family
Agavaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type











References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.6 Crowe. A. Native Edible Plants of New Zealand. Hodder and Stoughton ISBN 0-340-508302 (1990-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Brooker. S. G., Cambie. R. C. and Cooper. R. C. Economic Native Plants of New Zealand. Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-558229-2 (1991-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
  7. ? Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)
  9. ? Allan. H. H. Flora of New Zealand. Government Printer, Wellington. (1961-00-00)


Facts about "Phormium cookianum"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyAgavaceae +
Belongs to genusPhormium +
Has binomial namePhormium cookianum +
Has common nameWharariki +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part +
Has edible useCoffee +, Gum + and Nectar +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure + and High wind +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone8 +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useAdhesive +, Fibre + and Gum +
Has mature height1.2 +
Has mature width0.3 +
Has search namephormium cookianum + and wharariki +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy namePhormium cookianum +
Has water requirementshigh +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Phormium cookianum +, Phormium cookianum +, Phormium cookianum +, Phormium cookianum +, Phormium cookianum + and Phormium cookianum +