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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Flowers - raw. Added to salads[1].

The leaves are rose-scented and are used as a flavouring in desserts, jellies, vinegars etc[1][2].

The fresh leaves are brewed into a tea[1][2].

Unknown part

Flowers

Material uses

An essential oil is obtained from the plant, it has an orange-rose fragrance[3][4][5]. This plant is the main constituent of geranium oil, which is used extensively in aromatherapy, skin care and as a food flavouring[2]. The leaves are used in pot-pourri[2].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

An aromatic, rose-scented herb, the whole plant has relaxant, anti-depressant and antiseptic effects, reduces inflammation and controls bleeding[2]. All parts of the plant are astringent[6]. It is used internally in the treatment of pre-menstrual and menopausal problems, nausea, tonsillitis and poor circulation[2]. Externally, it is used to treat acne, haemorrhoids, eczema, bruises, ringworm and lice[2]. The leaves can be used fresh at any time of the year[2]. The essential oil from the leaves is used in aromatherapy[2] and is also applied locally to cervical cancer[7].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse. Stored seed should be sown in early spring in a greenhouse. The seed germinates best with a minimum temperature of 13°c, germination usually taking place within 2 weeks though it sometimes takes some months[8]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. If trying them outdoors, plant them out in early summer and consider giving them extra protection during the winter. Cuttings succeed at almost any time in the growing season but early summer is the best time in order for the new plant to become established before winter.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Pelargonium graveolens. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a light well-drained neutral to alkaline soil in a sunny position[9][8].

Plants are not very hardy in Britain, they generally require greenhouse protection but might succeed outdoors when grown in a very sheltered warm spot in the mildest parts of the country[10]. They can also be grown in containers that are placed outdoors in the summer and then brought into the greenhouse or conservatory for the winter[2]. The plants need to be kept fairly dry in the winter[8]. Very tolerant of pruning, they can be cut right down to the base in the autumn when bringing them back indoors, or in the spring to encourage lots of fresh growth[2].

Cultivated for its essential oil in S. France and Spain[5], there are many named varieties[1][8].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Pelargonium graveolens. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Pelargonium graveolens.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Pelargonium graveolens
Genus
Pelargonium
Family
Geraniaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
9
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.4 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    2. ? 2.002.012.022.032.042.052.062.072.082.092.102.112.122.13 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 RHS. The Garden. Volume 111. Royal Horticultural Society (1986-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    9. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
    10. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)