This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

A tea is made from the leaves and the roots[1][2][3]. The aromatic root is candied and used as a masticatory[3].

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Panax quinquefolius.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

This N. American species of ginseng is said to have similar properties to the Oriental ginseng, P. ginseng, though it is said to have a milder action and is more likely to be prescribed for younger patients[4][5]. It is cultivated in some areas of America as a medicinal crop and is also often harvested from the wild[4].The root is said to be adaptogen, cardiotonic, demulcent, panacea, sedative, sialagogue, stimulant and stomachic[6][7][8][9][10][11][12]. It is used in the treatment of chronic cough, low-grade fever, spontaneous or night sweating and fatigue due to chronic consumptive disease[11].

When taken over an extended period it is said to increase mental efficiency and physical performance whilst helping the body adapt to high or low temperatures and stress[12]. Some caution is advised, though, because large doses are said to raise blood pressure[12]. The root is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use[5].

The following notes are the list of uses for P. ginseng.

Ginseng has a history of herbal use going back over 5,000 years[4]. It is one of the most highly regarded of herbal medicines in the Orient, where it has gained an almost magical reputation for being able to promote health, general body vigour and also to prolong life[13]. The root is adaptogen, alterative, carminative, demulcent, emetic, expectorant, stimulant and tonic[10][11][14][13]. It both stimulates and relaxes the nervous system, encourages the secretion of hormones, improves stamina, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol levels and increases resistance to disease[4]. It is used internally in the treatment of debility associated with old age or illness, lack of appetite, insomnia, stress, shock and chronic illness[4]. Ginseng is not normally prescribed for pregnant women, or for patients under the age of 40, or those with depression, acute anxiety or acute inflammatory disease[4]. It is normally only taken for a period of 3 weeks[4]. Excess can cause headaches, restlessness, raised blood pressure and other side effects, especially if it is taken with caffeine, alcohol, turnips and bitter or spicy foods[4]. The roots are harvested in the autumn, preferably from plants 6 - 7 years old, and can be used fresh or dried[4]. A dose of 10ug/ml of ginseng saponins has been shown to be significantly radio-protective when it is administered prior to gamma-irradiation[13].

The leaf is emetic and expectorant[13].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow in a shady position in a cold frame preferably as soon as it is ripe, otherwise as soon as the seed is obtained. It can be very slow and erratic to germinate. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a shady position in the greenhouse or frame for at least their first winter. Make sure the pots are deep enough to accommodate the roots. Plant out into their permanent positions in late summer. Division in spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Panax quinquefolius. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a deep moist humus rich soil in a shady position in a woodland[15]. Requires deep shade, growing well on north-facing slopes and in woodland[16][17][18]. Often grown as a medicinal plant[16][19], though considered to be inferior to Korean ginseng, P. ginseng[15]. It is exported from N. America, mainly to Hong Kong[20].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Panax quinquefolius. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Panax quinquefolius.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Panax quinquefolius
Genus
Panax
Family
Araliaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
partial sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Panax quinquefolius.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Panax quinquefolius.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Panax quinquefolius.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Panax quinquefolius.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Panax quinquefolius.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Panax quinquefolius.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Panax quinquefolius.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Panax quinquefolius.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Panax quinquefolius.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Panax quinquefolius.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Panax quinquefolius.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Panax quinquefolius.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Panax quinquefolius.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Panax quinquefolius.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.64.74.84.9 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 The Herb Society Herbal Review. Vol.11. 4. The Herb Society ISBN 0264-9853 (1986-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    10. ? 10.010.110.2 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.212.3 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.313.4 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    15. ? 15.015.115.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    17. ? Holtom. J. and Hylton. W. Complete Guide to Herbs. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-262-7 (1979-00-00)
    18. ? Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (1978-00-00)
    19. ? Schery. R. W. Plants for Man. ()
    20. ? Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
    21. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)

    "image:Panax quinquefolius.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Panax quinquefolius"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyAraliaceae +
    Belongs to genusPanax +
    Has binomial namePanax quinquefolius +
    Has common nameAmerican Ginseng +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partRoot + and Unknown part +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Tea +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has growth rateSlow +
    Has hardiness zone3 +
    Has imagePanax quinquefolius.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has mature height0.3 +
    Has mature width0.5 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAdaptogen +, Cardiotonic +, Demulcent +, Sedative +, Sialagogue +, Stimulant + and Stomachic +
    Has primary imagePanax quinquefolius.jpg +
    Has search namepanax quinquefolius + and american ginseng +
    Has shade tolerancePermanent shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferencePartial sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy namePanax quinquefolius +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Panax quinquefolius +, Panax quinquefolius +, Panax quinquefolius +, Panax quinquefolius +, Panax quinquefolius +, Panax quinquefolius +, Panax quinquefolius +, Panax quinquefolius + and Panax quinquefolius +