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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Flowers - cooked[1][2][3]. The fallen flower petals are parboiled and sweetened for a teatime delicacy, or cooked in various dishes[4].

Flowers

Material uses

The stems are used as firewood[5]. The plant is quite slow growing so could not really be seen as a source of fuel[K].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The root and root bark is analgesic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antispasmodic, emmenagogue, sedative, styptic and tonic[1][2][6][7][8][9][10]. An extract of the plant has antibacterial activity, inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus, Bacillus dysenteriae, Typhoid bacillus, Paratyphoid bacillus, Proteus, Pseudomonas, E. coli, Haemophilus pertussis and Streptococcus[7][9]. The plant is used internally in the treatment of fevers, boils, menstrual disorders, nosebleeds, ulcers, irritability and gastro-intestinal infections[11]. This remedy should only be used under the supervision of a qualified practitioner[11].

The herb acts as a synergist when used with liquorice (Glycyrrhiza spp)[9].

A tea made from the dried crushed petals of various peony species has been used as a cough remedy, and as a treatment for haemorrhoids and varicose veins[12].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[12]. When sown fresh, the seed produces a root about 6 weeks after sowing with shoots formed in the spring[13]. Stored seed is much slower, it should be sown as soon as possible in a cold frame but may take 18 months or more to germinate[13]. The roots are very sensitive to disturbance, so many growers allow the seedlings to remain in their pots for 2 growing seasons before potting them up. This allows a better root system to develop that is more resilient to disturbance[12]. If following this practice, make sure you sow the seed thinly, and give regular liquid feeds in the growing season to ensure the plants are well fed. We usually prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle, and then grow them on in a cold frame for at least two growing seasons before planting them out when they are in growth in the spring[K].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Paeonia suffruticosa. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a deep rich soil, preferably neutral or slightly alkaline[14], doing quite well in sun or light shade[14]. Prefers a limy soil and a sheltered position[13]. Plants are tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions, but will not survive if the soil becomes waterlogged or is too dry[12]. This species is lime tolerant[13]. Plants grown on sandy soils tend to produce more leaves and less flowers, whilst those growing on clay take longer to become established but produce better blooms[12].

Hardy to about -20°c[15], plants do better in the north of Britain than they do in the south and are generally best if given an open northerly aspect[5]. Plants come into growth early in the year and are then subject to damage by late frosts, they are therefore best sited in a position that is shaded from the early morning sun[5]. The branches are brittle and very subject to wind damage, especially when young[13]. There is some confusion over the name of this species, Chinese botanists believing that it was based on a cultivar. They do not recognise this name, instead raising to specific status two of its sub-species as P. rockii (Haw.&Lauener.) Hong.&Li. and P. jishanensis Hong.&W.Z.Zhao (syn P. spontanea (Rehder.) Hong.&W.Z.Zhao.)[16]. Most modern treatments no longer recognise this as a separate species, though some people use the name to house the large number of garden forms of tree peonies that have been developed over the centuries[12]. A very ornamental plant[14], there are many named varieties[17]. It grows best in areas with long hot summers[14] and requires an airy position because it is very subject to fungal attack[5]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[13]. The flowers of some forms of this species are pleasantly scented[18]. Scented forms include 'Flora', 'Fragrans Maxima', 'Kimpai' and 'Kokuho'[18]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[19]. A very greedy plant inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes[20]. The plant does not really need much pruning apart from removing dead or diseased stems. It is, however, very tolerant of pruning and can be cut right back to ground level if it requires rejuvenation[13]. Strongly resents root disturbance, taking some time to recover after being divided[14]. Peony species are usually self-fertile, though they will also hybridise with other species if these flower nearby at the same time[12]. Plants take 4 - 5 years to flower from seed[13]. They generally breed true from seed[14].

Cultivated in China as a medicinal plant[16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Paeonia suffruticosa. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Paeonia suffruticosa.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Paeonia suffruticosa
Genus
Paeonia
Family
Paeoniaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    2 x 3 meters
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Paeonia suffruticosa1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Paeonia suffruticosa1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Paeonia suffruticosa1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Paeonia suffruticosa1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Paeonia suffruticosa1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Paeonia suffruticosa1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Paeonia suffruticosa1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Paeonia suffruticosa1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Paeonia suffruticosa1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Paeonia suffruticosa1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Paeonia suffruticosa1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Paeonia suffruticosa1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.5 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Kariyone. T. Atlas of Medicinal Plants. ()
    7. ? 7.07.17.2 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Medicinal Plants in the Republic of Korea World Health Organisation, Manila ISBN 92 9061 120 0 (1998-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.2 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.412.512.612.7 Page. M. The Gardener's Guide to Growing Peonies. David & Charles. Newton Abbot. ISBN 0 7153 0531 X (1997-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.313.413.513.613.713.8 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.114.214.314.414.5 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    15. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.1 Matthews. V. The New Plantsman. Volume 1, 1994. Royal Horticultural Society ISBN 1352-4186 (1994-00-00)
    17. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
    18. ? 18.018.1 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    19. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
    20. ? Hatfield. A. W. How to Enjoy your Weeds. Frederick Muller Ltd ISBN 0-584-10141-4 (1977-00-00)
    21. ? [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)

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