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Uses

Toxic parts

The plant has numerous minutely barbed glochids (hairs) that are easily dislodged when the plant is touched and they then become stuck to the skin where they are difficult to see and remove. They can cause considerable discomfort[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or dried for later use[2][3]. The dried fruit can be mixed into stews or used to thicken soups[4]. The fruit is dry and spiny[1]. It is up to 3cm long[5].

Young pads are boiled and fried[4][3]. The large hairs are burnt off, the pads are boiled and the remaining thorns washed off. The pads are then dipped in a syrup made from boiling sweetcorn seeds and then eaten[2].

Seed - dried, parched and ground into a meal, then added to flour and used in making cakes etc[4].

Fruit

Material uses

The peeled stems have been used as a mordant in fixing dyes[3].

A pink to red dye is obtained from the fruit[3].

A gum is obtained from the stem that can be used as an adhesive[3].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The stems are astringent and diuretic[3]. An infusion is used in the treatment of diarrhoea[3]. A poultice of the flesh has been used to treat skin sores, infections, wounds and back aches[3].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in a very well-drained compost in a greenhouse. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first two winters. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Give the plants some protection from winter wet. Make sure you have some reserve plants in case those outdoors do not overwinter. Cuttings of leaf pads at any time in the growing season. Remove a pad from the plant and then leave it in a dry sunny place for a couple of days to ensure that the base is thoroughly dry and has begun to callous. Pot up into a sandy compost. Very easy, rooting quickly.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Opuntia polyacantha. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a sandy or very well-drained soil[6]. Prefers a pH in the range 6 to 7.5[1]. Must be kept fairly dry in winter but likes a reasonable supply of water in the growing season[1]. A position at the base of a south-facing wall or somewhere that can be protected from winter rain is best for this plant. Requires warmth and plenty of sun. Plants tolerate considerable neglect. This species is very cold tolerant and can succeed outdoors in a selected site in many areas of the country[1].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Opuntia polyacantha. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Opuntia polyacantha.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Opuntia polyacantha
Genus
Opuntia
Family
Cactaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
low
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Opuntia polyacantha 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Opuntia polyacantha 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Opuntia polyacantha 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Opuntia polyacantha 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Opuntia polyacantha 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Opuntia polyacantha 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Opuntia polyacantha 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Opuntia polyacantha 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Opuntia polyacantha 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Opuntia polyacantha 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Opuntia polyacantha 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Opuntia polyacantha 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Whiting. A. F. Ethnobotany of the Hopi North Arizona Society of Science and Art (1939-00-00)
  3. ? 3.003.013.023.033.043.053.063.073.083.093.10 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
  6. ? Natural Food Institute, Wonder Crops. 1987. ()
  7. ? Livingstone. B. Flora of Canada National Museums of Canada ISBN 0-660-00025-3 (1978-00-00)

"image:Opuntia polyacantha 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Opuntia polyacantha"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyCactaceae +
Belongs to genusOpuntia +
Has binomial nameOpuntia polyacantha +
Has common namePlains Prickly Pear +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partFruit +, Seed + and Stem +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeInsects +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone3 +
Has imageOpuntia polyacantha 4.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useDye +, Gum + and Mordant +
Has mature height0.15 +
Has mature width1 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAstringent + and Diuretic +
Has primary imageOpuntia polyacantha 4.jpg +
Has search nameopuntia polyacantha + and plains prickly pear +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameOpuntia polyacantha +
Has water requirementslow +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Opuntia polyacantha +, Opuntia polyacantha +, Opuntia polyacantha +, Opuntia polyacantha +, Opuntia polyacantha +, Opuntia polyacantha +, Opuntia polyacantha + and Opuntia polyacantha +