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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw[1][2][3]. Pleasant and slightly aromatic[4]. Dry and tasteless, with lots of seeds according to another report[5]. The fruit hangs on well on the bush[6]. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter[7]. A tea is made from the leaves[8].

Fruit

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

Can be used as a ground cover plant in a shady position[9][10]. Plants form a spreading carpet, rooting along the stems, and are best spaced about 30cm apart each way[11].
There are no material uses listed for Mitchella repens.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Partridge berry was commonly used by several native North American Indian tribes as a parturient to hasten childbirth. It was also occasionally used to treat a variety of other complaints including insomnia, rheumatic pain and fluid retention[12]. It is still used in modern herbalism as an aid to childbirth and is also considered to have a tonic effect upon the uterus and the ovaries[12].

The herb is astringent, diuretic, hypnotic and tonic[5][13][14][15][16][17]. Frequent doses of a tea made from the fresh or dried leaves were used by N. American Indian women in the weeks preceding childbirth in order to promote easy delivery[17][18][19]. This tea should not be used during the first six months of labour, however, since it can induce a miscarriage[19]. The tea is also used to treat delayed, painful or irregular menses[18][19]. The tea was also used externally as a wash for hives, swellings, sore nipples, rheumatism etc[18]. The leaves are harvested in the summer and dried for later use[19].

A tea made from the berries has a very definite sedating effect on the nervous system[16].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - it germinates better if given 3 months cold stratification and so it is best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn[20]. Sow stored seed as early in the year as possible. Make sure that all the fruit pulp is removed from the seed because it contains germination inhibitors[20]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Division of naturally layered stems in the spring[7].

Cuttings.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Mitchella repens. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a moist but well-drained lime-free soil and some shade[21]. Prefers a peaty soil[6][7], succeeding in neutral to acid soils[7].

Plants are hardy to at least -20°c[7]. A trailing plant, the stems forming new roots at the nodes[16]. The dried leaves have a scent of newly mown hay[22]. The flowers have a pleasant sweet fragrance[22].

Succeeds in the shade of trees[6][21], growing well in a woodland and in the rock garden[6][7]. Plants can be difficult to establish[10], though they can become invasive once they are well established[19].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Mitchella repens. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Mitchella repens.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Mitchella repens
Genus
Mitchella
Family
Rubiaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Mitchella.repens01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Mitchella.repens01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Mitchella.repens01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Mitchella.repens01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
    4. ? 4.04.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.4 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.67.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 (1972-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.2 Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.2 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Kavasch. B. Native Harvests. Vintage Books ISBN 0-394-72811-4 (1979-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
    16. ? 16.016.116.216.3 Emboden. W. Narcotic Plants Studio Vista ISBN 0-289-70864-8 (1979-00-00)
    17. ? 17.017.117.2 Weiner. M. A. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. Ballantine Books ISBN 0-449-90589-6 (1980-00-00)
    18. ? 18.018.118.218.3 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    19. ? 19.019.119.219.319.419.5 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    20. ? 20.020.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    21. ? 21.021.121.2 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    22. ? 22.022.1 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    23. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)

    "image:Mitchella.repens01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Mitchella repens"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyRubiaceae +
    Belongs to genusMitchella +
    Functions asGround cover +
    Has binomial nameMitchella repens +
    Has common namePartridge Berry +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFruit + and Unknown part +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Tea +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone3 +
    Has imageMitchella.repens01.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has mature height0.05 +
    Has mature width0.5 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAstringent +, Diuretic +, Hypnotic +, Oxytoxic +, Sedative +, Tonic + and Women's complaints +
    Has primary imageMitchella.repens01.jpg +
    Has search namemitchella repens + and partridge berry +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceVery acid +, Acid + and Neutral +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameMitchella repens +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Mitchella repens +, Mitchella repens +, Mitchella repens +, Mitchella repens +, Mitchella repens +, Mitchella repens +, Mitchella repens +, Mitchella repens + and Mitchella repens +