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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

An edible nectar is obtained from the flowers[1].

Unknown part

Material uses

Plants can be used as a hedge, succeeding in exposed maritime positions[2][3]. Wood - dense, compact, heavy, durable, very strong. Used for ship-making, bearings, machine beds etc[4][5].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Astringent. Used in the treatment of dysentery[4][5].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Hedge

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a warm greenhouse and only just cover the seed. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Give the plants some protection from the cold for at least their first winter outdoors. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm with a heel, in individual pots in a frame. Good percentage[3].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Metrosideros excelsa. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a well-drained but moisture-retentive lime-free soil in a sunny position[6][3]. Plants are somewhat lime-tolerant but are unsuitable for shallow soils over chalk[3]. Very resistant to maritime exposure[2][3].

This species is not very hardy in Britain, tolerating temperatures down to about -5°c[7] and succeeding outdoors only in the mildest areas of the country where it makes a small shrub[8][3]. Plants grow very well on the Isles of Scilly, where they are cut back by cold perhaps once every twenty years. They usually sprout again from their thick branches[9]. A good bee plant[1]. Very ornamental[8].

Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[3].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Metrosideros excelsa. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Metrosideros excelsa.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Metrosideros excelsa
Genus
Metrosideros
Family
Myrtaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
7 x 15 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:PohutukawaOhope.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:PohutukawaOhope.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:PohutukawaOhope.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:PohutukawaOhope.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Crowe. A. Native Edible Plants of New Zealand. Hodder and Stoughton ISBN 0-340-508302 (1990-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.63.73.8 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  6. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
  7. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  9. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Conservatory and Indoor Plants Volumes 1 & 2 Pan Books, London. ISBN 0-330-37376-5 (1998-00-00)
  10. ? Allan. H. H. Flora of New Zealand. Government Printer, Wellington. (1961-00-00)

"image:PohutukawaOhope.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Metrosideros excelsa"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyMyrtaceae +
Belongs to genusMetrosideros +
Functions asHedge +
Has binomial nameMetrosideros excelsa +
Has common namePohutukawa +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part +
Has edible useNectar +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure + and High wind +
Has fertility typeBees +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone8 +
Has imagePohutukawaOhope.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useWood +
Has mature height7 +
Has mature width15 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAstringent +
Has primary imagePohutukawaOhope.jpg +
Has search namemetrosideros excelsa + and pohutukawa +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameMetrosideros excelsa +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Metrosideros excelsa +, Metrosideros excelsa + and Metrosideros excelsa +