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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Root - cooked[1][2][3][4]. The root was a staple food of some native North American Indian tribes[5]. It is said to be extremely nutritious, 50 - 80 grams being sufficient to sustain an active person for a day[2][6]. The root is, however, rather small and tedious to collect in quantity[6]. It is easiest to use when the plant is in flower in the spring, because the outer layer of the root (which is very bitter) slips off easily at this time of the year[7][8]. Whilst being boiled the roots become soft and swollen and exude a pink mucilaginous substance[9]. The root swells to about 6 times its size and resembles a jelly-like substance[10]. The root has a good taste though a decided bitter flavour develops afterwards[7]. If the root is stored for a year or two the bitterness is somewhat reduced[9]. The root can also be dried, ground into a powder and used as a mush or a thickener in soups etc[11][5].

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Lewisia rediviva.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The root is cardiac and galactogogue[5]. An infusion of the root has been used to increase the milk flow in nursing mothers, to relieve heart pain and the pain of pleurisy and also as a blood purifier[5]. The root has been eaten raw to counteract the effects of poison ivy rash and as a treatment for diabetes[5]. The pounded dry root has been chewed in the treatment of sore throats[5]. A poultice of the raw roots has been applied to sores[5].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame in a very freely draining soil[12]. Sow stored seed as soon as possible in a cold frame. One months cold stratification should improve germination, though this is still likely to be very slow. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first two winters. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division in March/April. Very difficult.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Lewisia rediviva. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a very well-drained gritty humus-rich deep soil in a sunny position[13][14].

This species is not reliably hardy in Britain. It can withstand consistently very cold weather but does not like alternating periods of mild and cold conditions, nor does it like winter wet[13]. The plant is very susceptible to rotting at the neck in a damp soil[14]. The plant is easy to kill by over-watering but extremely difficult to kill by under-watering. Roots that have been dried and stored for a number of years have been known to come back into growth when moistened[8]. The plant dies down after flowering and re-appears in September. It must be kept dry whilst dormant[12]. It is best grown in a greenhouse or bulb frame[14]. A very ornamental plant[13], it is the state flower of Montana[7][8].

Very apt to hybridize with other members of this genus[13].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Lewisia rediviva. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Lewisia rediviva.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Lewisia rediviva
Genus
Lewisia
Family
Portulacaceae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Lewisia rediviva 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Lewisia rediviva 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Lewisia rediviva 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Lewisia rediviva 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Lewisia rediviva 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Lewisia rediviva 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Lewisia rediviva 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Lewisia rediviva 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Lewisia rediviva 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Lewisia rediviva 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Lewisia rediviva 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Sweet. M. Common Edible and Useful Plants of the West. Naturegraph Co. ISBN 0-911010-54-8 (1962-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.55.65.75.8 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Harrington. H. D. Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains. University of New Mexico Press ISBN 0-8623-0343-9 (1967-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Saunders. C. F. Edible and Useful Wild Plants of the United States and Canada. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-23310-3 (1976-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Craighead. J., Craighead. F. and Davis. R. A Field Guide to Rocky Mountain Wildflowers The Riverside Press ISBN 63-7093 (1963-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 ? Alpine Garden Society Bulletin. Volume 56. Alpine Garden Society ()
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.114.214.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    15. ? Hitchcock. C. L. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press (1955-00-00)

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