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Uses

Toxic parts

Many plants in this genus are thought to be poisonous if ingested, so caution is advised[1]. The roots are especially likely to be toxic[2]. Plants can cause skin irritations and allergies in some people[2].

Edible uses

Notes

Root - the source of an edible starch[3][4][5]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.

Material uses

A fibre is obtained from the leaves, a substitute for hemp[6]. It is used for rope and coarse cloth[7]. Also used in thatching and basket making[8]. The root is long and fibrous, it is used for making brooms, brushes etc[9].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The root is alterative, anthelmintic, antidote, appetizer, depurative, diuretic, hepatic and vermifuge[10][9][11]. It is used with other herbs in the treatment of venereal affections, liver complaints and dropsy[12].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed should be sown as early in the year as possible in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for their first year. Plant out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. Division in March or October. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Iris ensata. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a light well-drained soil and a sunny position[6]. Prefers partial shade[13]. Likes plenty of moisture and a rich loamy slightly acid soil[14][15]. Requires a lime-free soil[16]. Some cultivars, in particular the 'Higo' strain, tolerate a pH up to 7.4[15]. Plants can be grown in containers in pond margins but are then best kept in drier conditions over winter[15].

This species is hardy to about -20°c[17]. Cultivated for its root in Japan[3]. (for the starch). There are many named varieties, selected for their ornamental value[17][15].

Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Iris ensata. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Iris ensata.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Iris ensata
Genus
Iris
Family
Iridaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Iris ensata var ensata2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Iris ensata var ensata2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Iris ensata var ensata2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Iris ensata var ensata2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Iris ensata var ensata2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Iris ensata var ensata2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Iris ensata var ensata2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Iris ensata var ensata2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Iris ensata var ensata2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Grey. C. H. Hardy Bulbs. Williams & Norgate. (1938-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.2 Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 ? Encyclopaedia Britannica. 15th edition. ()
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    10. ? 10.010.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    13. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
    14. ? Innes. C. The World of Iridaceae ()
    15. ? 15.015.115.215.315.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.1 Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
    17. ? 17.017.1 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)

    "image:Iris ensata var ensata2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Iris ensata"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyIridaceae +
    Belongs to genusIris +
    Has binomial nameIris ensata +
    Has common nameJapanese Water Iris +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partRoot +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile + and Insects +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone5 +
    Has imageIris ensata var ensata2.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useBasketry +, Broom +, Fibre + and Thatching +
    Has mature height0.6 +
    Has mature width1 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAlterative +, Anthelmintic +, Antidote +, Appetizer +, Depurative +, Diuretic +, Hepatic + and Vermifuge +
    Has primary imageIris ensata var ensata2.jpg +
    Has search nameiris ensata + and japanese water iris +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid + and Neutral +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameIris ensata +
    Has water requirementshigh +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Iris ensata +, Iris ensata +, Iris ensata +, Iris ensata +, Iris ensata +, Iris ensata +, Iris ensata +, Iris ensata +, Iris ensata +, Iris ensata +, Iris ensata +, Iris ensata + and Iris ensata +