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Uses

Toxic parts

All parts of the plant usually contain toxic alkaloids[1]. Eating just one flower has reportedly been lethal to children[2][3]. The plant can also cause skin allergies in some people and it is possible that the plant toxins can be absorbed through the skin, especially if there are cuts[4].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Gelsemium sempervirens.

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Gelsemium sempervirens.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The roots are analgesic, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, febrifuge, hypnotic, mydriatic, nervine, sedative and vasodilator[5][6][7][3][4]. A powerful depressant of the central nervous system, deadening pain and reducing spasms[3]. It is said to suspend and hold in check muscular irritability and nervous excitement with more force and power than any known remedy. Whilst it relaxes the muscles, it also relieves all sense of pain[8]. It is used internally in the treatment of neuralgia, migraine, sciatica, toothache, severe pain (especially in terminal illnesses or accidents) and meningitis[4]. Externally it has been used as a folk remedy for cancer[3]. The root is best harvested in the autumn and dried carefully for later use[8]. Extreme care is advised with the use of this plant, it should only be used under the supervision of a qualified practitioner[4]. Excessive doses cause respiratory depression, giddiness, double vision and death[4]. It should not be prescribed for patients with heart disease, hypotension or myasthenia gravis[4]. See also the notes above on toxicity. The fresh root is used to make a homeopathic remedy[9]. It is used in the treatment of a variety of complaints, including fevers, flu and headaches[9].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Climber

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a warm greenhouse[1]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow on in the greenhouse until plants are at least two years old. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer and give them some protection from winter cold for at least their next winter. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[1].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Gelsemium sempervirens. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils[10]. Requires a warm sheltered position in full sun or light shade in a well-drained moisture retentive moderately fertile soil[1]. Rich soils discourage flowering by encouraging excessive growth[1].

This species is not very hardy in Britain, succeeding outdoors only in the mildest areas of the country and even then usually requiring the protection of a wall[11][10]. Plants can tolerate temperatures down to about -10°c if the wood has been thoroughly ripened[1]. A very ornamental plant, the flowers are sweetly fragrant[3] emitting a honey-like aroma[12]. This species is the state flower of South Carolina[4].

A climbing plant, supporting itself by twining around other plants and often ascending to the tops of lofty trees in its native habitat[8].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Gelsemium sempervirens. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Gelsemium sempervirens.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Gelsemium sempervirens
Genus
Gelsemium
Family
Loganiaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
9
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    3 x meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Gelsemium_sempervirens_-_Köhler?s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-065.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Gelsemium_sempervirens_-_Köhler?s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-065.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


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    "image:Gelsemium_sempervirens_-_Köhler?s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-065.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Gelsemium_sempervirens_-_Köhler?s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-065.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Gelsemium_sempervirens_-_Köhler?s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-065.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Gelsemium_sempervirens_-_Köhler?s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-065.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Gelsemium_sempervirens_-_Köhler?s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-065.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Gelsemium_sempervirens_-_Köhler?s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-065.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Gelsemium_sempervirens_-_Köhler?s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-065.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Gelsemium_sempervirens_-_Köhler?s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-065.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    2. ? Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.5 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.64.7 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
    7. ? 7.07.1 Emboden. W. Narcotic Plants Studio Vista ISBN 0-289-70864-8 (1979-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.2 Castro. M. The Complete Homeopathy Handbook. Macmillan. London. ISBN 0-333-55581-3 (1990-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
    11. ? Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
    12. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    13. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)
    14. ? Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J [Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas] Botanical Research Institute, Texas. (1999-00-00)

    "image:Gelsemium_sempervirens_-_Köhler?s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-065.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Gelsemium sempervirens"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyLoganiaceae +
    Belongs to genusGelsemium +
    Has binomial nameGelsemium sempervirens +
    Has common nameFalse Jasmine +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has fertility typeInsects +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone9 +
    Has imageGelsemium sempervirens - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-065.jpg +
    Has mature height3 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnalgesic +, Antispasmodic +, Diaphoretic +, Febrifuge +, Homeopathy +, Hypnotic +, Mydriatic +, Nervine +, Sedative + and Vasodilator +
    Has primary imageGelsemium_sempervirens_-_Köhler–s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-065.jpg +
    Has search namegelsemium sempervirens + and false jasmine +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameGelsemium sempervirens +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheClimber +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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