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Uses

Toxic parts

None known

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw, cooked or made into preserves[1][2][3][4]. Sweet and succulent. Small but delicious[5]. The fruit is up to 20mm in diameter[6]. The dried leaves are a very pleasant tea substitute[7][8][4]. Rich in vitamin C[5].

Fruit

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

The fruits are used as a tooth cleaner[7][8]. They are held in the mouth, or rubbed over the teeth, to remove tartar[9].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The whole plant is antiseptic, astringent, emmenagogue, galactogogue and odontalgic[10]. It has been used to regulate the menstrual cycle[10]. A tea made from the leaves has been used as a nerve tonic and is slightly astringent[11]. A poultice made from the dried powdered leaves mixed with oil has been used to treat open sores[9]. A tea made from the roots is diuretic[11]. It has been used in the treatment of diarrhoea, irregular menses, gonorrhoea, stomach and lung ailments[11][9].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse. The seed can take 4 weeks or more to germinate. The seedlings are very small and slow-growing at first, but then grow rapidly. Prick them out into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out during the summer. Division of runners, preferably done in July/August in order to allow the plants to become established for the following years crop[6]. They can also be moved in the following spring if required, though should not then be allowed to fruit in their first year. The runners can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Fragaria virginiana. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a fertile, well-drained, moisture retentive soil in a sunny position[2][6]. Tolerates semi-shade though fruit production will be reduced when plants grow in such a position. The plants appreciate a mulch of pine or spruce leaves[12]. Along with F, chiloensis, this species is probably a parent of the cultivated strawberries. The cultivar 'Little Scarlet' is a form of this species and this is still occasionally cultivated for its fruit in Britain[13].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Fragaria virginiana. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Fragaria virginiana.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Fragaria virginiana
Genus
Fragaria
Family
Rosaceae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Fragaria virginiana 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Fragaria virginiana 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Fragaria virginiana 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Fragaria virginiana 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Fragaria virginiana 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Fragaria virginiana 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Fragaria virginiana 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Fragaria virginiana 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Fragaria virginiana 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Fragaria virginiana 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Fragaria virginiana 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Fragaria virginiana 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.





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    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-01-01)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 ()
    3. ? 3.03.1 Turner. N. J. and Szczawinski. A. Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences (1978-01-01)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-01-01)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 McPherson. A. and S. Wild Food Plants of Indiana. Indiana University Press ISBN 0-253-28925-4 (1977-01-01)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-01-01)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Harris. B. C. Eat the Weeds. Pivot Health (1973-01-01)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Elias. T. and Dykeman. P. A Field Guide to N. American Edible Wild Plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold ISBN 0442222009 (1982-01-01)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.4 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-01-01)
    10. ? 10.010.110.2 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-01-01)
    12. ? Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins (1979-01-01)
    13. ? Roach. F. A. Cultivated Fruits of Britain. Oxford University Press (1985-01-01)
    14. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-01-01)
    15. ? Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-01-01)