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Uses

Toxic parts

None known

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4][5]. Large, sweet and succulent with a delicate flavour[4]. A delicious treat[K]. The berries can be used to make jams, preserves etc[5]. A tea can be made from the leaves[5].

Fruit

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

Plants spread by means of runners and can be grown as a ground cover[6].

There are no material uses listed for Fragaria chiloensis.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The plant is antiseptic, astringent, emmenagogue, galactogogue and odontalgic[7]. It has been used to regulate the menstrual cycle[7]. A poultice of the chewed leaves has been used to treat burns[5].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse. The seed can take 4 weeks or more to germinate. The seedlings are very small and slow-growing at first, but then grow rapidly. Prick them out into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out during the summer. Division of runners, preferably done in July/August in order to allow the plants to become established for the following years crop[8]. They can also be moved in the following spring if required, though should not then be allowed to fruit in their first year. The runners can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Fragaria chiloensis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a fertile, well-drained, moisture retentive soil in a sunny position[2][8]. Tolerates semi-shade though fruit production will be reduced. Grows best near the coast[2]. Plants like a mulch of pine or spruce leaves[9]. Cultivated for its edible fruit in the Andes[10]. This species, along with F. virginiana, is probably a parent of the cultivated strawberries[11]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Fragaria chiloensis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Fragaria chiloensis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Fragaria chiloensis
Genus
Fragaria
Family
Rosaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-01-01)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 ()
  3. ? 3.03.1 Turner. N. J. and Szczawinski. A. Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences (1978-01-01)
  4. ? 4.04.14.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-01-01)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.5 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-01-01)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-01-01)
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-01-01)
  9. ? Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins (1979-01-01)
  10. ? Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-01-01)
  11. ? Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-01-01)
  12. ? Munz. A California Flora. University of California Press (1959-01-01)