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Edible uses


Leaves[1]. No further details are given.


Material uses

A gum 'Gum Ammoniac' is obtained by notching the root[2][3][4][5]. It is used as an incense[6], it also has medicinal value[7].

The stems are used in furniture making[8].

The dried pith is used as a tinder, it burns very slowly inside the stem and can thus be carried from one place to another[8][5][9].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

One report says that the root yields a gum with medicinal properties but no details are given[7].

Unknown part


Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Seed - best sown as soon as the seed is ripe in a greenhouse in autumn[7]. Otherwise sow in April in a greenhouse. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. Plant them out into their permanent positions whilst still small because the plants dislike root disturbance[7]. Give the plants a protective mulch for at least their first winter outdoors. Division in autumn. This may be inadvisable due to the plants dislike of root disturbance.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Ferula communis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.


Succeeds in most soils[7] including dry ones according to one report[10] whilst others say that it requires a deep moist fertile soil in a sunny position[11][12]. Established plants are drought resistant[10].

This species is hardy to about -10°c, possibly lower if the rootstock is mulched in the winter[13]. A very ornamental plant[7], though the flowers have a most unpleasant rancid smell[14]. Plants are often monoecious[13]. Plants are intolerant of root disturbance due to their long taproot[12]. They should be planted into their final positions as soon as possible.

The sub-species brevifolia is the form used for its gum[7][2][3][5].


Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Ferula communis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Ferula communis.




None listed.


None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Binomial name
Ferula communis
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
full sun
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Flower Colour
Flower Type

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"image:Ferule.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ferule.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Ferule.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Ferule.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Ferule.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ferule.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ferule.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ferule.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ferule.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ferule.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ferule.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ferule.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Ferule.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


  1. ? 1.01.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  2. ? Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  3. ? Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Howes. F. N. Vegetable Gums and Resins. Faber ()
  5. ? Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  7. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  8. ? Polunin. O. and Huxley. A. Flowers of the Mediterranean. Hogarth Press ISBN 0-7012-0784-1 (1987-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Niebuhr. A. D. Herbs of Greece. Herb Society of America. (1970-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Chatto. B. The Dry Garden. Dent ISBN 0460045512 (1982-00-00)
  11. ? Sanders. T. W. Popular Hardy Perennials. Collingridge (1926-00-00)
  12. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)
  14. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)

"image:Ferule.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Ferula communis"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyUmbelliferae +
Belongs to genusFerula +
Has binomial nameFerula communis +
Has common nameGiant Fennel +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partLeaves +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile + and Flies +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone8 +
Has imageFerule.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useFurniture +, Gum + and Tinder +
Has mature height2.5 +
Has mature width1 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useMiscellany +
Has primary imageFerule.jpg +
Has search nameferula communis + and giant fennel +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameFerula communis +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Ferula communis +, Ferula communis +, Ferula communis +, Ferula communis + and Ferula communis +