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Uses

Toxic parts

The seed is probably poisonous, other parts of the plant may also be poisonous[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Young leaves - boiled[2][3][4]. The old leaves are powdered and used to colour food[5][3][4]. These reports should be treated with some caution due to the report of toxicity - see above.

Unknown part

Leaves

Material uses

Roots and stems yield up to 7% gutta-percha, a non elastic rubber used as an electrical insulator and in making plastics etc[6][7][8]. Can be grown as a hedge, it is very tolerant of trimming and succeeds in severe maritime exposure[9][10][11].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The stem bark is antirheumatic, diuretic and tonic[12]. The leaf is used in cases of difficult delivery[12].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Hedge

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[13]. Stored seed requires 3 months cold stratification, so should be sown as early in the year as possible in a cold frame[14]. Seed can take 18 months to germinate[7]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 7cm long taken at a node or with a heel, July/August in a frame. Very easy[11]. Cuttings of mature wood, October in a frame78, 113]. Cuttings will root readily at any time of the year if given bottom heat[15].

Root cuttings in winter.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Euonymus japonicus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Thriving in almost any soil, including chalk and sandy soils, it is particularly suited to dry shaded areas[11]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Shade tolerant but does not fruit well in such a position[9]. Prefers a well-drained loamy soil[9]. Plants are very tolerant of maritime exposure, succeeding even when grown on the sea shore[16], but they can be killed by cold drying winds[10][17].

A very ornamental plant[15], there are a number of named varieties[17]. It is only hardy in S. England[9] tolerating temperatures down to about -10°c[17]. Plants are more likely to succumb to the cold if they are regularly trimmed (this exposes young growth to the cold), this regular trimming also leads to mildew especially when plants are growing in very dry ground[18]. The Japanese spindle tree is cultivated in Russia and Spain for the latex contained in the root. It is best grown in a dry soil and an open position when being grown for its latex[6][7]. Plants are often slow to get established. Plants can be susceptible to attacks by caterpillars[18] and are often damaged during the flowering season[9]. They are also a host of the sugar beet fly[19].

This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Euonymus japonicus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Euonymus japonicus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Euonymus japonicus
Genus
Euonymus
Family
Celastraceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Euonymus japonicus 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Euonymus japonicus 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Euonymus japonicus 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Euonymus japonicus 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Euonymus japonicus 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Euonymus japonicus 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Euonymus japonicus 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Euonymus japonicus 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Euonymus japonicus 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Euonymus japonicus 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Euonymus japonicus 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Euonymus japonicus 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Euonymus japonicus 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Euonymus japonicus 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Euonymus japonicus 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Haywood. V. H. Flowering Plants of the World. Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-217674-9 ()
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.59.6 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 Rosewarne experimental horticultural station. Shelter Trees and Hedges. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (1984-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.411.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
  13. ? ? The Plantsman. Vol. 3. 1981 - 1982. Royal Horticultural Society (1981-00-00)
  14. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  16. ? Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
  17. ? 17.017.117.2 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
  18. ? 18.018.1 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
  19. ? Arnold-Forster. Shrubs for the Milder Counties. ()
  20. ? Ohwi. G. Flora of Japan. (English translation) Smithsonian Institution (1965-00-00)

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Facts about "Euonymus japonicus"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyCelastraceae +
Belongs to genusEuonymus +
Functions asHedge +
Has binomial nameEuonymus japonicus +
Has common nameJapanese Spindle Tree +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part + and Leaves +
Has edible useColouring + and Unknown use +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure + and High wind +
Has fertility typeInsects +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateModerate +
Has hardiness zone7 +
Has imageEuonymus japonicus 1.JPG +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useLatex +
Has mature height4.5 +
Has mature width2 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntirheumatic +, Diuretic +, Tonic + and Women's complaints +
Has primary imageEuonymus japonicus 1.JPG +
Has search nameeuonymus japonicus + and japanese spindle tree +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameEuonymus japonicus +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Euonymus japonicus +, Euonymus japonicus +, Euonymus japonicus +, Euonymus japonicus +, Euonymus japonicus +, Euonymus japonicus + and Euonymus japonicus +