A tea is made from the branches
Fruit - raw or cooked.
There are no material uses listed for Ephedra trifurca.
The dried and crushed stems are diuretic
.An infusion has been used in the treatment of venereal disease, stomach complaints and kidney problems
. The pulverized or boiled stems were also applied externally as a poultice on syphilitic sores by some native North American Indians
. They can also be used as a poultice on other skin sores
Unlike many members of the genus, this species is not very rich in the alkaloid ephedrine and so is not used in the treatment of asthma
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a greenhouse
. It can also be sown in spring in a greenhouse in a sandy compost[K]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow them on for at least their first winter in a greenhouse. Plant out in the spring or early summer after the last expected frosts and give some protection in their first winter[K].
Division in spring or autumn.
Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Ephedra trifurca. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.
We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it could succeed outdoors at least in the milder parts of this country. It hybridises in the wild with other members of the genus. In particular, it hybridises with E. torreyana to form E . × intermixta. This hybrid occurs in a small area of southwestern New Mexico (near Engle, Sierra County) within the zone of sympatry of the two parental species; it may be fertile (mature seeds are formed). It is intermediate in most characters but can be identified by its combination of the spinelike terminal buds of E . trifurca and the scabrous, light yellow seeds of E . torreyana
.The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus.
Requires a well-drained loamy soil and a sunny position. Established plants are drought resistant and are also lime tolerant.
Dioecious, male and female plants must be grown in fruit and seed are required.
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
There are no interactions listed for Ephedra trifurca. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.
Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Ephedra trifurca.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
Material uses & Functions
Native Climate Zones
Adapted Climate Zones
Native Geographical Range
Root Zone Tendancy
? 1.01.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
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? 6.06.1 [Flora of N. America] ()
? 7.07.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
? Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
? Munz. A California Flora. University of California Press (1959-00-00)