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Uses

Toxic parts

The sap of this plant can cause serious inflammation if it comes into contact with the eyes[1].

Edible uses

Notes

The aromatic pungent bark is powdered and used as a pepper substitute in Brazil, Chile and Argentina[2][3][4][5]. It is rich in vitamin C[6].

Unknown part

Material uses

The powerfully aromatic bark contains resinous matter and 0.64% of aromatic essential oil[7]. Wood - not durable, heavy (it sinks in water) - interior of houses, boxes etc. It burns badly with a smell[3][8][4][1].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The bark is a pungent bitter tonic herb that relieves indigestion[9]. It is antiscorbutic, aromatic, febrifuge, skin, stimulant and stomachic. An infusion of the bark is used in the treatment of indigestion, colic, dandruff and scurvy[10][3][4][1][9]. It is also used as a parasiticide[10][3][4][1]. The bark is harvested in the autumn and winter and is dried for later use[9].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a greenhouse[11]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow on the plants for at least their first winter in a cold frame. Plant them out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Layering in March/April. Takes 12 months[12]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 10 - 15 cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Approximately 60% take[12].

Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth with a heel of older wood, November in a cold frame[12].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Drimys winteri. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a light lime-free soil in semi-shade[13]. Tolerates chalk in the soil[14]. Requires a deep moist soil[14]. Dislikes dry conditions[1]. Prefers a warm sandy loam with some shelter[15]. Fairly wind resistant[16][17]. Another report says that the plant resents severe wind-chill[13].

Succeeds against a wall at Kew[K] and it thrives in an open position in S.W. England[14][16][18]. Tolerates temperatures down to about -10°c[19]. This species is less hardy than D. lanceolata but it usually recovers from damage[20]. Another report says that it is hardier than D. lanceolata[11]. A very ornamental plant[14]. The sub-species D. winteri andina. Reiche. is a slow growing dwarf form seldom exceeding 1 metre in height[21]. It usually commences flowering when about 30cm tall[9]. A polymorphic species[1]. The flowers have a delicate fragrance of jasmine, whilst the bark has a powerful aromatic smell[7]. This plant was a symbol of peace to the indigenous Indian tribes of S. America in much the same way as an olive branch was used in Greece[1].

Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Drimys winteri. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Drimys winteri.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Drimys winteri
Genus
Drimys
Family
Winteraceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
Shade
partial shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Drimys winteri.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Drimys winteri.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Drimys winteri.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Drimys winteri.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Drimys winteri.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Drimys winteri.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Drimys winteri.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Drimys winteri.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Drimys winteri.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Drimys winteri.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Drimys winteri.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.61.71.8 ? Flora of Chile. (in Spanish) ()
  2. ? 2.02.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.6 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.64.7 Moore. D. M. Flora of Tierra del Fuego. Anthony Nelson. ISBN 0-904614-05-0 (1983-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Sholto-Douglas. J. Alternative Foods. ()
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.4 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Davis. B. Climbers and Wall Shrubs. Viking. ISBN 0-670-82929-3 (1990-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.114.214.314.4 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  15. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.1 Arnold-Forster. Shrubs for the Milder Counties. ()
  17. ? Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
  18. ? Thurston. Trees and Shrubs in Cornwall. ()
  19. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
  20. ? ? The Plantsman. Vol. 2. 1980 - 1981. Royal Horticultural Society (1980-00-00)
  21. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)

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