Uses

Toxic parts

Take great care when collecting D. carota ssp. carota. To an untrained eye it can appear very similar to the deadly poisonous Conium maculatum (Hemlock). When young the stems of D. carota ssp. carota are covered in small hairs, where the stems of Conium maculatum are hairless and often covered in purple blotches[5].

Leaves

low toxicity

Carrots sometimes cause allergic reactions in some people[6]. Skin contact with the sap is said to cause photo-sensitivity and/or dermatitis in some people[7].

Daucus carota ssp. carota has been reported to contain acetone, asarone, choline, ethanol, formic acid, HCN, isobutyric acid, limonene, malic acid, maltose, oxalic acid, palmitic acid, pyrrolidine, and quinic acid. Reviewing research on myristicin, which occurs in nutmeg, mace, black pepper, carrot seed, celery seed, and parsley, Buchanan (J. Food Safety 1: 275, 1979) noted that the psychoactive and hallucinogenic properties of mace, nutmeg, and purified myristicin have been studied. It has been hypothesized that myristicin and elemicin can be readily modified in the body to amphetamines. Handling carrot foliage, especially wet foliage, can cause irritation and vesication. Sensitized photosensitive persons may get an exact reproduction of the leaf on the skin by placing the leaf on the skin for awhile, followed by exposure to sunshine[8].
The given value was not understood.

Edible uses

Notes

Daucus carota ssp. carota can bear a strong resemblance to an unrelated poisonous plant! See notes on toxicity and if in any doubt do not eat any part of this plant.

Root

Dried, Roasted as a Roasted drink, Coffee substitute
Cooked as a Vegetable

Flowers

Fried as a Vegetable

Material uses

An essential oil obtained from the seed has an orris-like scent[9]. It is used in perfumery and as a food flavouring[6][9]. The oil has also been used cosmetically in anti-wrinkle creams[9].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The wild carrot is an aromatic herb that acts as a diuretic, soothes the digestive tract and stimulates the uterus[9]. A wonderfully cleansing medicine, it supports the liver, stimulates the flow of urine and the removal of waste by the kidneys[10].

The whole plant is anthelmintic, carminative, deobstruent, diuretic, galactogogue, ophthalmic, stimulant[11][12][13][14][15][16]. An infusion is used in the treatment of various complaints including digestive disorders, kidney and bladder diseases and in the treatment of dropsy[11][9]. An infusion of the leaves has been used to counter cystitis and kidney stone formation, and to diminish stones that have already formed[10]. Carrot leaves contain significant amounts of porphyrins, which stimulate the pituitary gland and lead to the release of increased levels of sex hormones[10]. The plant is harvested in July and dried for later use. A warm water infusion of the flowers has been used in the treatment of diabetes[17]. The grated raw root, especially of the cultivated forms, is used as a remedy for threadworms[17][18][10]. The root is also used to encourage delayed menstruation[17]. The root of the wild plant can induce uterine contractions and so should not be used by pregnant women[17]. A tea made from the roots is diuretic and has been used in the treatment of urinary stones[18].

The seeds are diuretic[17][7], carminative, emmenagogue and anthelmintic[11][7]. An infusion is used in the treatment of oedema, flatulent indigestion and menstrual problems[9]. The seed is a traditional 'morning after' contraceptive and there is some evidence to uphold this belief. It requires further investigation[18]. Carrot seeds can be abortifacient and so should not be used by pregnant women[10].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow August/September or April in situ. The seed germinates better if it is given a period of cold stratification.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Daucus carota ssp. carota. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a sunny position and a well-drained neutral to alkaline soil[19][9].

A good plant for the summer meadow[19], it is a food plant for caterpillars of the Swallow-tail Butterfly[20]. This species is the parent of the cultivated carrot[20]. It can act as an alternative host for pests and diseases of the cultivated carrots. The plant has become a pest weed in N. America, where it is spreading rapidly and crowding out native vegetation[21].

The whole plant, when bruised, gives off an aniseed-like scent[22].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Daucus carota ssp. carota. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Daucus carota ssp. carota.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Daucus carota ssp. carota
Genus
Daucus
Family
Umbelliferae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    0.6 x 0.3
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Harris. B. C. Eat the Weeds. Pivot Health (32202/01/01)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Emily Porter [Carrots Gone Wild!] Penny Scout: Tracker of Plants (2013/05/30)
    4. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named KenFern
    5. ? COOKSON BEECHER [Garden Visitor Can Be Deadly If Eaten: Poison hemlock is easily mistaken for edible plants] Food Safety News (2013/05/30)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (32202/01/01)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (32202/01/01)
    8. ? Duke. J. Handbook of Energy Crops - (32202/01/01)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.59.69.79.8 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (32202/01/01)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.5 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (32202/01/01)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (32202/01/01)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (32202/01/01)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (32202/01/01)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Triska. Dr. Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-33545-3 (32202/01/01)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (32202/01/01)
    16. ? 16.016.1 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
    17. ? 17.017.117.217.317.417.5 Weiner. M. A. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. Ballantine Books ISBN 0-449-90589-6 (32202/01/01)
    18. ? 18.018.118.218.3 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (32202/01/01)
    19. ? 19.019.1 Baines. C. Making a Wildlife Garden. ()
    20. ? 20.020.120.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
    21. ? Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J [Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas] Botanical Research Institute, Texas. (32202/01/01)
    22. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (32202/01/01)
    23. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (32202/01/01)



    "image:Illustration_Daucus_carota0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Daucus carota ssp. carota"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteFalse +
    Article requires citationsFalse +
    Article requires cleanupFalse +
    Belongs to familyUmbelliferae +
    Belongs to genusDaucus +
    Has binomial nameDaucus carota +
    Has common nameWild Carrot +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partRoot +, Seed + and Flowers +
    Has edible useRoasted drink +, Coffee substitute +, Condiment +, Spice + and Vegetable +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone5 +
    Has imageIllustration Daucus carota0.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typeBiennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useCosmetic + and Essential +
    Has mature height0.6 +
    Has mature width0.3 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnthelmintic +, Carminative +, Contraceptive +, Deobstruent +, Diuretic +, Emmenagogue +, Galactogogue +, Ophthalmic + and Stimulant +
    Has primary imageIllustration_Daucus_carota0.jpg +
    Has search namedaucus carota ssp. carota + and wild carrot +
    Has seed requiring scarificationFalse +
    Has seed requiring stratificationFalse +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSubspecies +
    Has taxonomy nameDaucus carota ssp. carota +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates air pollutionFalse +
    Tolerates maritime exposureFalse +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilFalse +
    Tolerates windFalse +
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