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Uses

Toxic parts

All parts of the plant are poisonous[1]. Skin contact with the sap can cause dermatitis in some people[2].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Daphne bholua.

Material uses

A very good quality paper is made from the inner bark[3][4][5][6][7]. It is one of the principle sources of hand made paper in Nepal[7]. The fibre in the inner bark can be used to make rope[8][7].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The juice of the roots, combined with molasses, is used in the treatment of fevers and intestinal problems[7].

A decoction of the bark is used to treat fevers[7].

The powdered seeds are anthelmintic[7].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe with the pot sealed in a polythene bag to hold in the moisture. Remove this bag as soon as germination takes place[9]. The seed usually germinates better if it is harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it dries on the plant) and sown immediately. Germination should normally take place by spring, though it sometimes takes a further year. Stored seed is more problematic. It should be warm stratified for 8 - 12 weeks at 20°c followed by 12 - 14 weeks at 3°c. Germination may still take another 12 months or more at 15°c[9]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. Grow the plants on in the greenhouse for their first winter and then plant out in spring after the last expected frosts.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, June/July in a frame[10]. Division of suckers[10].

Layering.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Daphne bholua. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a cool lime-free well-drained sandy loam and a sunny position[11][3]. Succeeds in neutral soils[3] and tolerates partial shade[2]. Plants also succeed in quite deep shade[12]. At least some forms, especially the sub-species D. bholua glacialis.(see below) tolerate alkaline soils[13]. Flowers well when grown in dry shade[13]. Likes plenty of moisture in the growing season[3]. Grows well in London, tolerating atmospheric pollution[13].

Said to be hardy to about -5°c[2], plants succeed outdoors in southern England, but are defoliated in severe winters[3]. Plants at higher altitudes in its native range are often deciduous whilst plants from lower altitudes are evergreen but less hardy[14]. A very variable and very ornamental species[11][2], the cultivars 'Ghurka' (deciduous) and 'Jacqueline Postill' (evergreen) are more hardy than the type[15][2]. One report says that the cultivar 'Ghurka' is part of the deciduous sub-species D. bholua glacialis. (W.W.Smith.&Cave.)Burtt. and that it can tolerate temperatures down to about -10°c[13]. The flowers are fragrant[7]. Because it flowers in the winter, this species seldom produces much seed in Britain unless it is hand-pollinated[10]. Plants often sucker and form clumps in the wild[10].

Plants are resentful of root disturbance and should be planted into their permanent positions as soon as possible[16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Daphne bholua. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Daphne bholua.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Daphne bholua
Genus
Daphne
Family
Thymelaeaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Daphne bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Thymelaeaceae) plant 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Daphne bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Thymelaeaceae) plant 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Daphne bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Thymelaeaceae) plant 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Daphne bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Thymelaeaceae) plant 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Daphne bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Thymelaeaceae) plant 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.



    "image:Daphne bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Thymelaeaceae) plant 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Daphne bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Thymelaeaceae) plant 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Daphne bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Thymelaeaceae) plant 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Daphne bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Thymelaeaceae) plant 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Daphne bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Thymelaeaceae) plant 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Daphne bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Thymelaeaceae) plant 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Daphne bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Thymelaeaceae) plant 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Daphne bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Thymelaeaceae) plant 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? Cooper. M. and Johnson. A. Poisonous Plants in Britain and their Effects on Animals and Man. HMSO ISBN 0112425291 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.6 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Polunin. O. and Stainton. A. Flowers of the Himalayas. Oxford Universtiy Press (1984-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.67.77.8 Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-527-6 (2002-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Gamble. J. S. A Manual of Indian Timbers. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (1972-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 Matthews. V. The New Plantsman. Volume 1, 1994. Royal Horticultural Society ISBN 1352-4186 (1994-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    12. ? Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
    14. ? Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
    15. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
    16. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)

    "image:Daphne bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Thymelaeaceae) plant 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Daphne bholua"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyThymelaeaceae +
    Belongs to genusDaphne +
    Has binomial nameDaphne bholua +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has fertility typeBees +, Flies + and Lepidoptera +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone8 +
    Has imageDaphne bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Thymelaeaceae) plant 1.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useFibre + and Paper +
    Has mature height2 +
    Has mature width1.5 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useFebrifuge + and Anthelmintic +
    Has primary imageDaphne bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' (Thymelaeaceae) plant 1.jpg +
    Has search namedaphne bholua +
    Has shade tolerancePermanent shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceLoamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameDaphne bholua +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Daphne bholua +, Daphne bholua +, Daphne bholua + and Daphne bholua +