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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

The flowers are used as a saffron substitute in flavouring food and colouring it yellow[1][2].

Unknown part

Material uses

The yellow dye obtained from the stigmas yields a yellow dye, it is a saffron substitute[1].

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Crocus serotinus.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a light sandy soil in pots in a cold frame[3]. The seed can also be sown in a cold frame in early spring[3]. Sow thinly because the seed usually germinates freely[3], within 1 - 6 months at 18°c[4]. Unless the seed has been sown too thickly, do not transplant the seedlings in their first year of growth, but give them regular liquid feeds to make sure they do not become deficient. Divide the small bulbs once the plants have died down, planting 2 - 3 bulbs per 8cm pot. Grow them on for another 2 years in a greenhouse or frame and plant them out into their permanent positions when dormant in late summer[K]. Plants take 3 - 4 years to flower from seed[5]. Division f the clumps after the leaves die down in spring[3][5]. The bulbs can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Crocus serotinus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils, conditions and positions[3]. Plants grow well in a peaty soil in a bulb frame and should succeed outdoors in a sandy peaty soil[6]. The subspecies C. serotinus austriacus can be naturalized in grass or beneath deep rooting trees on light well-drained soils[5].

Plants tend to move considerably from their original planting place because of their means of vegetative reproduction, it is therefore wise not to grow different species in close proximity[3]. Any planting out is best done in late spring or early summer[7]. Mice are very fond of the corms of this species[3]. Plants take 3 - 4 years to flower from seed[5].

The flowers are only open during the day time, closing at night[7].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Crocus serotinus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Crocus serotinus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Crocus serotinus
Genus
Crocus
Family
Iridaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Crocus serotinus clusii flower.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Crocus serotinus clusii flower.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.



    "image:Crocus serotinus clusii flower.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Crocus serotinus clusii flower.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Crocus serotinus clusii flower.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Crocus serotinus clusii flower.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Crocus serotinus clusii flower.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Crocus serotinus clusii flower.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Crocus serotinus clusii flower.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.6 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    4. ? Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    6. ? Phillips. R. and Rix. M. Bulbs Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30253-1 (1989-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)

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