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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4]. Rich in oil. As nice a flavour as C. avellana, the common hazel nut[5][6]. The seed ripens in mid to late autumn and will probably need to be protected from squirrels[K]. When kept in a cool place, and not shelled, the seed should store for at least 12 months[K]. An edible oil is obtained from the seed.

Unknown part

Oil

Material uses

Wood - firm, durable, moderately hard. Used for furniture, turnery etc[7][6].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The seeds are tonic[8].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy or Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is harvested in autumn in a cold frame[9]. Germinates in late winter or spring. Stored seed should be pre-soaked in warm water for 48 hours and then given 2 weeks warm followed by 3 - 4 months cold stratification[9]. Germinates in 1 - 6 months at 20°c[9]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame or sheltered place outdoors for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer[K]. Layering in autumn. Easy, it takes about 6 months[10][11].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Corylus colurna. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils, but is in general more productive of seeds when grown on soils of moderate fertility[12][11]. It does less well in rich heavy soils or poor ones[12][13]. Does well in a loamy soil[12]. Very suitable for an alkaline soil[12], but it dislikes very acid soils[14]. Tolerates a pH in the range 5.3 to 7.3. Once established, this is a very drought resistant tree[15]. It does not produce suckers[15]. Plants are fairly wind tolerant[16][12].

A very ornamental tree[16]. Members of this genus bear transplanting well and can be easily moved even when relatively large[12].

The Turkish hazel is occasionally cultivated for its edible seed[3][17][6]. This species is also useful in hybridizing with C. avellana in order to develop superior fruiting cultivars[15].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Corylus colurna. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Corylus colurna.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Corylus colurna
Genus
Corylus
Family
Betulaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
20 x 7 meters
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Corylus colurna0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Corylus colurna0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Corylus colurna0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Corylus colurna0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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"image:Corylus colurna0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Corylus colurna0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Corylus colurna0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Sholto-Douglas. J. Alternative Foods. ()
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Gamble. J. S. A Manual of Indian Timbers. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (1972-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.4 Gupta. B. L. Forest Flora of Chakrata, Dehra Dun and Saharanpur. Forest Research Institute Press (1945-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.2 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
  10. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.412.512.6 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  13. ? Howes. F. N. Nuts. Faber (1948-00-00)
  14. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.115.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  17. ? Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)

"image:Corylus colurna0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Corylus colurna"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyBetulaceae +
Belongs to genusCorylus +
Has binomial nameCorylus colurna +
Has common nameTurkish Hazel +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part + and Seed +
Has edible useOil + and Unknown use +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind + and Drought +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile + and Wind +
Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
Has hardiness zone5 +
Has imageCorylus colurna0.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useWood +
Has mature height20 +
Has mature width7 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useTonic +
Has primary imageCorylus colurna0.jpg +
Has search namecorylus colurna + and turkish hazel +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameCorylus colurna +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy + and Secondary canopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Corylus colurna +, Corylus colurna +, Corylus colurna + and Corylus colurna +