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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young shoots - cooked[1][2].

Material uses

The canes are used in making musical instruments, plain furniture and fencing[3].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Chusquea culeou.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - surface sow as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse at about 20°c. Do not allow the compost to dry out. Germination usually takes place fairly quickly so long as the seed is of good quality, though it can take 3 - 6 months. Grow on in a lightly shaded place in the greenhouse until large enough to plant out. Seed is rarely available.

Division in spring as new growth commences. Very difficult[4]. Take divisions with at least four canes in the clump, trying to cause as little root disturbance to the main plant as possible. Grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse in pots of a high fertility sandy medium. Mist the foliage regularly until plants are established. Plant them out into their permanent positions when a good root system has developed, which can take a year or more[4].

Basal cane cuttings.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Chusquea culeou. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a damp humus rich soil[4]. Prefers an open loam of reasonable quality, doing well on peat[5]. Likes plenty of moisture in the growing season[5]. Established plants are drought tolerant[1][6][7]. They require a position sheltered from cold north and east winds[5][4].

A very hardy plant[1][6], tolerating temperatures down to about -15°c[4]. Another report says that the plant is probably only hardy in the milder areas of the country[8]. It succeeds outdoors at Edinburgh Botanical Gardens[7] and is growing well at Kew[K]. This species is found further south in the world than any other species of bamboo, it grows in Chile as far south as latitude 47°south[7]. The rootstock is caespitose, new shoots are produced from late April and can grow 15cm overnight[1]. Plants take 2 - 3 years to settle down after being moved but are then quite fast growing[6]. Another report says that they are slow growing[9]. This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[4].

Plants flower and produce seed annually in the wild without dying as a result of the flowering[6]. Plants of the cultivar 'Tenuis' have been observed to be flowering in 1994, this is the first record of this species flowering in the northern hemisphere[10].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Chusquea culeou. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Chusquea culeou.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Chusquea culeou
Genus
Chusquea
Family
Gramineae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
Shade
partial shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
?
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type











References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.4 Lawson. Bamboos. Faber (1968-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 ? Flora of Chile. (in Spanish) ()
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Grounds. R. Ornamental Grasses. Christopher Helm ISBN 0-7470-1219-9 (1989-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Farrelly. D. The Book of Bamboo Sierra Club. ISBN 0-87156-825-X (1984-00-00)
  8. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  9. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
  10. ? Matthews. V. The New Plantsman. Volume 1, 1994. Royal Horticultural Society ISBN 1352-4186 (1994-00-00)