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Uses

Toxic parts

The leaves and seeds of all members of this genus are more or less edible. However, many of the species in this genus contain saponins, though usually in quantities too small to do any harm. Although toxic, saponins are poorly absorbed by the body and most pass straight through without any problem. They are also broken down to a large extent in the cooking process. Saponins are found in many foods, such as some beans. Saponins are much more toxic to some creatures, such as fish, and hunting tribes have traditionally put large quantities of them in streams, lakes etc in order to stupefy or kill the fish[K]. The plants also contain some oxalic acid, which in large quantities can lock up some of the nutrients in the food. However, even considering this, they are very nutritious vegetables in reasonable quantities. Cooking the plants will reduce their content of oxalic acid. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since it can aggravate their condition[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves and young shoots - cooked. Used like spinach[2]. The raw leaves should only be eaten in small quantities, see the notes above on toxicity.

Seed - cooked[3][4]. The seed is usually dried then ground into a powder and used with cereal flours in making bread etc[2]. The seed is small and fiddly, it should be soaked in water overnight and thoroughly rinsed before it is used in order to remove any saponins.

The milky sap has been used to make a gum[2].

Unknown part

Gum

Leaves

Material uses

Gold/green dyes can be obtained from the whole plant[5]. The root is saponaceous[6][7][8][9]. The scraped root is mixed with water to produce a detergent foam that can be used for washing the body, clothes etc[2].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

A decoction of the whole plant has been used to treat stomach disorders[2]. A decoction of the root has been applied as a poultice on numbed or paralysed limbs[2].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. Put a few seeds into each pot and thin if necessary to the best plant. Germination is normally fast and good. Plant out in late spring, after the last expected frosts. Division in spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Chenopodium californicum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it could succeed outdoors in many parts of this country. It is likely to require a well-drained soil in a sunny position. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. An easily grown plant, succeeding in most soils but disliking shade[10][11]. It prefers a moderately fertile soil[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Chenopodium californicum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Chenopodium californicum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Chenopodium californicum
Genus
Chenopodium
Family
Chenopodiaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Chenopodiumcalifornicum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Chenopodiumcalifornicum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Chenopodiumcalifornicum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Chenopodiumcalifornicum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Chenopodiumcalifornicum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Chenopodiumcalifornicum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Chenopodiumcalifornicum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Chenopodiumcalifornicum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Chenopodiumcalifornicum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Chenopodiumcalifornicum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Chenopodiumcalifornicum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Chenopodiumcalifornicum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Chenopodiumcalifornicum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.62.72.8 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
    5. ? 5.05.1 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Balls. E. K. Early Uses of Californian Plants. University of California Press ISBN 0-520-00072-2 (1975-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Saunders. C. F. Edible and Useful Wild Plants of the United States and Canada. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-23310-3 (1976-00-00)
    10. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    12. ? Munz. A California Flora. University of California Press (1959-00-00)

    "image:Chenopodiumcalifornicum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Chenopodium californicum"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyChenopodiaceae +
    Belongs to genusChenopodium +
    Has binomial nameChenopodium californicum +
    Has common nameCalifornia Goosefoot +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part +, Leaves + and Seed +
    Has edible useGum + and Unknown use +
    Has fertility typeWind +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has imageChenopodiumcalifornicum.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typeAnnual +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useDye + and Soap +
    Has mature height0.6 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal usePoultice + and Stomachic +
    Has primary imageChenopodiumcalifornicum.jpg +
    Has search namechenopodium californicum + and california goosefoot +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameChenopodium californicum +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Chenopodium californicum +, Chenopodium californicum +, Chenopodium californicum +, Chenopodium californicum +, Chenopodium californicum +, Chenopodium californicum + and Chenopodium californicum +