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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Very young leaf buds are cooked as a vegetable[1][2][3][4]. The young shoots or suckers from the bottom of the plant are also used[5][4]. Fruit - dried[6][4]. No further details.

Fruit

Leaves

Material uses

A strong fibre obtained from the leaves is used for cordage and brushes[1][2][7][8][9][10]. The whole leaf can be used in weaving. Plants have been used to form hedges in Mediterranean areas[11].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Chamaerops humilis.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Hedge

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe, the old seed can be slow and difficult to germinate. Scarification or pre-soaking stored seed for 1 - 2 days can be helpful[12]. Sown in a warm greenhouse, the seed usually germinates in 3 - 4 months (but can take longer) at 25°c[12]. The seed produces a long root some time before a shoot appears above ground and it can be potted up at this time[13]. Grow the plants on in the greenhouse for at least a couple of years before planting them out into their permanent positions in the summer. Suckers, removed in spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Chamaerops humilis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Easily grown in a rich strong loam enriched with leafmold and sand[14]. Plants grow in poor dry soils in the wild[15]. Requires very good drainage with abundant moisture in the summer and a sunny position[14][16]. Another report says that plants grow well in dry conditions and are drought tolerant[11]. Tolerates low light levels and can be grown in the home[15]. Requires a position sheltered from the wind and cold[17].

This species tolerates occasional short-lived lows down to about -10°c[15][10]. It will not tolerate recurring bouts of freezing over several days, nor does it survive freezing of the root system[10]. Plants are hardy in the milder areas of Britain, succeeding from S. Hampshire south and westwards[14][16][18]. Plants growing outdoors at Kew fruited in October 1989[K]. Palms usually have deep penetrating root systems and generally establish best when planted out at a young stage. However, older plants are substantially more cold tolerant than juvenile plants[10]. In areas at the limit of their cold tolerance, therefore, it is prudent to grow the plants in containers for some years, giving them winter protection, and only planting them into their permanent positions when sheer size dictates[10]. Palms can also be transplanted even when very large. Although the thick fleshy roots are easily damaged and/or desiccated, new roots are generally freely produced. It is important to stake the plant very firmly to prevent rock, and also to give it plenty of water until re-established - removing many of the leaves can also help[10]. Another report says that this species dislikes root disturbance[19]. Some botanists recognise a sub-species C. humilis arborescens (Pers.)Steud. (a taller growing form) and a cultivar 'Nana' which is smaller than the type and suckers. It is likely that these are no more than phenotypes and that this variety of habit can be induced in cultivation, plants in stressful situations such as near the coast duplicating the 'Nana' form whilst plants in optimum conditions are more like sub-species arborescens[15].

Plants in the wild are usually found in poor soils and seldom exceed 1.5 metres tall. When grown in better soils in gardens, however, they can grow up to 5 metres tall[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Chamaerops humilis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Chamaerops humilis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Chamaerops humilis
Genus
Chamaerops
Family
Palmae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
9
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Chamaerops humilis argentea2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Chamaerops humilis argentea2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Chamaerops humilis argentea2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Chamaerops humilis argentea2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Polunin. O. and Huxley. A. Flowers of the Mediterranean. Hogarth Press ISBN 0-7012-0784-1 (1987-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.510.6 McMillan-Browse. P. Palms for Cooler Climates. Trebah Enterprises. ISBN 0 9521952 0 8 (1993-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Conservatory and Indoor Plants Volumes 1 & 2 Pan Books, London. ISBN 0-330-37376-5 (1998-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 1. Thompson and Morgan. (1987-00-00)
  13. ? Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.114.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.115.215.315.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.116.2 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  17. ? Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
  18. ? Thurston. Trees and Shrubs in Cornwall. ()
  19. ? Bianchini. F., Corbetta. F. and Pistoia. M. Fruits of the Earth. ()
  20. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)

"image:Chamaerops humilis argentea2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Chamaerops humilis"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyPalmae +
Belongs to genusChamaerops +
Functions asHedge +
Has binomial nameChamaerops humilis +
Has common nameDwarf Fan Palm +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partFruit + and Leaves +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
Has growth rateSlow +
Has hardiness zone9 +
Has imageChamaerops humilis argentea2.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useFibre +
Has mature height1.5 +
Has mature width1.5 +
Has primary imageChamaerops humilis argentea2.jpg +
Has search namechamaerops humilis + and dwarf fan palm +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameChamaerops humilis +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Chamaerops humilis +, Chamaerops humilis + and Chamaerops humilis +