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Uses

Toxic parts

The fruit is poisonous[1]. All parts of the plant are potentially toxic[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Bark and twigs - they must be cooked[2]. The thickish bark is sweet and palatable after boiling[3][4][5]. Another report says that it is the inner bark that is used, and that it is a starvation food, only used when other foods are in short supply[6]. Some caution is advised in the use of this plant since there are suggestions of toxicity.

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Celastrus scandens.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Climbing bittersweet was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes, though it is scarcely used in modern herbalism[6].

The root is diaphoretic, diuretic and emetic[1]. It is a folk remedy for chronic liver and skin ailments (including skin cancer), rheumatism, leucorrhoea, dysentery and suppressed menses[1]. A strong compound infusion, usually combined with raspberry leaf tea, has been used to reduce the pain of childbirth[6]. A poultice of the boiled root has been used to treat obstinate sores, skin eruptions etc[6]. Externally, the bark is used as an ointment on burns, scrapes and skin eruptions[1]. Extracts of the bark are thought to be cardioactive[1].

Many plants in this genus contain compounds of interest for their antitumour activity[7].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Climber

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - gather when ripe, store in dry sand and sow February in a warm greenhouse[8]. Three months cold stratification leads to a higher germination rate[9]. Remove the flesh of the fruit since this inhibits germination[9]. Germination rates are usually good[8]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Layering in August of the current seasons growth. Takes 12 months[8].

Root cuttings, 6mm thick 25mm long in December. Plant horizontally in pots in a frame[8].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Celastrus scandens. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a deep loamy soil[10]. Dislikes chalky soils[11]. Succeeds in full or partial shade[12]. Requires a humus-rich soil if it is to be at its best[13].

A rampant climber, it requires ample space and is best grown into an old tree. It climbs by means of twining and also by prickles on the young stems[14]. Plants do not normally require pruning[13]. The foliage of some wild plants is variegated[15]. There are some named forms, selected for their ornamental value[16]. A good bee plant[11]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[16].

Plants are usually dioecious, in which case male and female plants must be grown if seed is required[14]. This species seldom fruits freely in Britain[14].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Celastrus scandens. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Celastrus scandens.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Celastrus scandens
Genus
Celastrus
Family
Celastraceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
2
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    8 x meters
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Celastrus scandens.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Celastrus scandens.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Celastrus scandens.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Celastrus scandens.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    "image:Celastrus scandens.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.6 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
    5. ? 5.05.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.5 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    10. ? Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 International Bee Research Association. Garden Plants Valuable to Bees. International Bee Research Association. (1981-00-00)
    12. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.114.2 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
    15. ? Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.116.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    17. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)

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    "image:Celastrus scandens.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Celastrus scandens"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyCelastraceae +
    Belongs to genusCelastrus +
    Has binomial nameCelastrus scandens +
    Has common nameClimbing Bittersweet +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partStem +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf sterile + and Bees +
    Has flowers of typeDioecious +
    Has hardiness zone2 +
    Has imageCelastrus scandens.jpg +
    Has mature height8 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnalgesic +, Cancer +, Cardiac +, Diaphoretic +, Diuretic +, Emetic + and Skin +
    Has primary imageCelastrus scandens.jpg +
    Has search namecelastrus scandens + and climbing bittersweet +
    Has shade tolerancePermanent shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid + and Neutral +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameCelastrus scandens +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheClimber +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Celastrus scandens +, Celastrus scandens +, Celastrus scandens +, Celastrus scandens +, Celastrus scandens +, Celastrus scandens +, Celastrus scandens + and Celastrus scandens +