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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit[1][2][3][4]. Used for food in New Mexico[5]. The berries are sweetened with sugar and used as food[6].. The fruit is about 5mm wide[7].

Strips of the inner bark can be eaten in the summer[6].

The leaves are used as a substitute for tea[5].

Fruit

Inner bark

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

A green dye is obtained from the flowers[8]. All parts of the plant are rich in saponins - when crushed and mixed with water they produce a good lather which is an effective and gentle soap[2][8][9]. This soap is very good at removing dirt, though it does not remove oils very well. This means that when used on the skin it will not remove the natural body oils, but nor will it remove engine oil etc[K] The flowers are a very good source, when used as a body soap they leave behind a pleasant perfume on the skin[K]. The developing seed cases are also a very good source of saponins[K].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The plant is sedative[2]. An infusion has been used to treat nervousness and a poultice of the plants also used for this purpose[6]. The leaves have been chewed to treat a sore mouth[6].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nitrogen fixer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed should be pre-soaked for 12 hours in warm water and then given 1 - 3 months stratification at 1°c[10][7]. Germination usually takes place in 1 - 2 months at 20°c[10]. One report says that the seed is best given boiling water treatment, or heated in 4 times its volume of sand at 90 - 120°c for 4 - 5 minutes and then soaked in warm water for 12 hours before sowing it[11]. The seed exhibits considerable longevity, when stored for 15 years in an air-tight dry container at 1 - 5°c it has shown little deterioration in viability[11]. The seed is ejected from its capsule with some force when fully ripe, timing the collection of seed can be difficult because unless collected just prior to dehiscence the seed is difficult to extract and rarely germinates satisfactorily[11]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. Grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, taken at a node[7], July/August in a frame[12].

Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, 7 - 12 cm with a heel, October in a cold frame[13]. The roots are quite brittle and it is best to pot up the callused cuttings in spring, just before the roots break[13]. Good percentage.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Ceanothus fendleri. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a warm sunny position but tolerates light shade[12][7]. Tolerates some lime, but will not succeed on shallow chalk[7].

One of the hardiest members of this genus, it succeeds outdoors in many areas of the country[12]. Plants dislike root disturbance, they should be planted out into their permanent positions whilst still small[14]. Dislikes heavy pruning, it is best not to cut out any wood thicker than a pencil[14]. Any pruning is best carried out in the spring[15]. Fast growing, it flowers well when young, often in its second year from seed[12]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[7].

Some members of this genus have a symbiotic relationship with certain soil micro-organisms, these form nodules on the roots of the plants and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[7][16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Ceanothus fendleri. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Ceanothus fendleri.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Ceanothus fendleri
Genus
Ceanothus
Family
Rhamnaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    2 x meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Ceanothus fendleri1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ceanothus fendleri1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Ceanothus fendleri1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Ceanothus fendleri1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Ceanothus fendleri1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ceanothus fendleri1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ceanothus fendleri1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ceanothus fendleri1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ceanothus fendleri1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ceanothus fendleri1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ceanothus fendleri1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.5 Arnberger. L. P. Flowers of the Southwest Mountains. Southwestern Monuments Ass. (1968-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
    4. ? 4.04.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.5 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.67.77.8 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.2 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Buchanan. R. A Weavers Garden. ()
    10. ? 10.010.1 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 3. Thompson and Morgan. (1989-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.2 Matthews. V. The New Plantsman. Volume 1, 1994. Royal Horticultural Society ISBN 1352-4186 (1994-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.4 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
    15. ? Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
    16. ? Craighead. J., Craighead. F. and Davis. R. A Field Guide to Rocky Mountain Wildflowers The Riverside Press ISBN 63-7093 (1963-00-00)

    "image:Ceanothus fendleri1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Ceanothus fendleri"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyRhamnaceae +
    Belongs to genusCeanothus +
    Functions asNitrogen fixer +
    Has binomial nameCeanothus fendleri +
    Has common nameFendler's Ceanothus +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFruit +, Inner bark + and Unknown part +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Tea +
    Has fertility typeBees +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has growth rateVigorous +
    Has hardiness zone5 +
    Has imageCeanothus fendleri1.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useDye + and Soap +
    Has mature height2 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useSedative +
    Has primary imageCeanothus fendleri1.jpg +
    Has search nameceanothus fendleri + and fendler's ceanothus +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameCeanothus fendleri +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Ceanothus fendleri +, Ceanothus fendleri +, Ceanothus fendleri +, Ceanothus fendleri +, Ceanothus fendleri + and Ceanothus fendleri +