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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

The flower buds are pickled and used as a flavouring in sauces, salads etc[1][2]. The young fruits and tender branch tips can also be pickled and used as a condiment[2][3]. The flower buds are harvested in the early morning and wilted before pickling them in white vinegar[3]. Young shoots - cooked and used like asparagus[4][2].

Unknown part

Leaves

Material uses

An extract of the root is used as a cosmetic and is particularly useful in treating rose-coloured rashes and capillary weaknesses[5].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The root-bark is analgesic, anthelmintic, antihaemorrhoidal, aperient, deobstruent, depurative, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, tonic and vasoconstrictive[5]. It is used internally in the treatment of gastrointestinal infections, diarrhoea, gout and rheumatism[3][6]. Externally, it is used to treat skin conditions, capillary weakness and easy bruising[7]. The bark is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use[3].

The stem bark is bitter and diuretic[7]. If taken before meals it will increase the appetite[7]. The unopened flower buds are laxative[7]. They are used internally in the treatment of coughs, and externally to treat eye infections[3]. The buds are a rich source of compounds known as aldose-reductose inhibitors - it has been shown that these compounds are effective in preventing the formation of cataracts. The buds are harvested before the flowers open and can be pickled for later use - when prepared correctly they are said to ease stomach pain[7]. A decoction of the plant is used to treat vaginal thrush[5][7].

The leaves are bruised and applied as a poultice in the treatment of gout[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots of well-drained soil when they are large enough to handle. Grow on the young plants for at least their first winter in a greenhouse and plant out in late spring or early summer. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in sand in a cold frame[8].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Capparis spinosa. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a hot, well-drained dry position in full sun[9][8][10]. Plants are tolerant of drought[10]. Tolerates a pH in the range 6.3 to 8.3.

This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[9][8]. A perennial species, this plant produces annual stems from a woody base[9]. The flowers open in the early morning and fade by midday[10].

Capers are often cultivated in tropical and sub-tropical zones for their aromatic flower buds, which are used as a condiment[9], they are also frequently gathered from the wild[3]. There are some named varieties[2], the most commonly cultivated form tends to be the spineless C. spinosa inermis[3].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Capparis spinosa. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Capparis spinosa.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Capparis spinosa
Genus
Capparis
Family
Capparidaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
1 x 2 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Capullito capullito.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Gamble. J. S. A Manual of Indian Timbers. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.63.73.8 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.4 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.6 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Conservatory and Indoor Plants Volumes 1 & 2 Pan Books, London. ISBN 0-330-37376-5 (1998-00-00)

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Facts about "Capparis spinosa"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyCapparidaceae +
Belongs to genusCapparis +
Has binomial nameCapparis spinosa +
Has common nameCaper +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part + and Leaves +
Has edible useCondiment + and Unknown use +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone8 +
Has imageCapullito capullito.JPG +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useCosmetic +
Has mature height1 +
Has mature width2 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAnalgesic +, Anthelmintic +, Antihaemorrhoidal +, Aperient +, Deobstruent +, Depurative +, Diuretic +, Emmenagogue +, Expectorant +, Tonic + and Vasoconstrictor +
Has primary imageCapullito capullito.JPG +
Has search namecapparis spinosa + and caper +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameCapparis spinosa +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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