Botanical description

A fast growing deciduous woody plant with compound leaves and large spines on stems.[2][6]

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

The young shoots of Aralia elata are a popular wild food in Japan where the tree is known as Taranoki and the shoots as Taranome.[7][1] In Korea the shoots are called dureup. [2]

Young shoots

Cooked as a Vegetable

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Aralia elata.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Root bark is prefered for medicinal purposes but bark from aerial parts and seeds may also be used.[3] All parts of the plant are used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthralgia, coughs, diabetes, jaundice, stomach ulcers and stomach cancers[4][5].

Roots, stems

Dried as an Anodyne, Carminative

Spines

Dried as an Hypertensive

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Pioneer

In Japan Aralia elata is a pioneering plant that often grows where forests have been cleared. [1] In open sunny areas with adequate soil moisture it grows rapidly. [6]

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Division of suckers in late winter[8]. Very easy, the suckers can be planted out direct into their permanent positions if required.

Seed

Seed - best sown as soon as ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed requires 3 - 5 months of cold stratification. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 4 months at 20°c[9]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse for at least their first winter. Once the plants are 25cm or more tall, they can be planted out into their permanent positions, late spring or early summer being the best time to do this.

Rooted cuttings

Root cuttings 8cm long, December in a cold frame[8][10]. Store the roots upside down in sand and pot up in March/April. High percentage[10].


Cultivation

In Great Britain Aralia elata is said to prefer a good deep loam and a position in semi-shade but that it also succeeds in a sunny position[8][11]. Requires a sheltered position. Plants are hardier when grown on poorer soils[8][11]. Prefers an acid soil[12]. In its native Japan it is usually found growing in sunny clearings or forest edges.[1] Dormant plants are hardy to at least -15°c[12][11]. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun[K]. A very ornamental species, there are a number of named varieties. It is usually a single stemmed shrub, spreading by means of suckers[13]. This species is closely allied to A. chinensis.

Crops

In Japan there is some small scale commercial production of dried bark for medicinal teas.

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Aralia elata. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Aralia elata.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Aralia elata
Genus
Aralia
Family
Araliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems [7][2]
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    Native Environment
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life [6]
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    6 x 6 metres
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    white
    Flower Type

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Workman, Dion [This Month We Are Mostl Eating...] Shikigami (2013/05/02)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 [Aralia elata] Wikipedia (2013/05/02)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 [Taranoki] e-yakusou (2013/05/02)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    5. ? 5.05.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (32202/01/01)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 [Trees: Aralia elata] NC State University (2013/05/02)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Hashimoto, Ikuzo. Wild Food Lexicon, Japan Kashiwashobou ISBN 978-4-7601-3187-7 (2007/01/01)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (32202/01/01)
    9. ? Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 2. Thompson and Morgan. (32202/01/01)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (32202/01/01)
    11. ? 11.011.111.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (32202/01/01)
    13. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (32202/01/01)

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