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|edible uses references=PFAFimport-2,PFAFimport-22,PFAFimport-46,PFAFimport-61,PFAFimport-161,PFAFimport-235
 
|edible uses references=PFAFimport-2,PFAFimport-22,PFAFimport-46,PFAFimport-61,PFAFimport-161,PFAFimport-235
  
|cultivation=Requires a position in full sun when grown outdoors in Britain and a well-drained moisture retentive soil{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-42}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. It strongly dislikes excessive wet, especially in the winter{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Plants require a definite dry resting period in late summer, if they receive water at this time they are excited into growth and can then be killed in cold weather{{Ref | PFAFimport-120}}.
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|cultivation notes=
 +
|PFAF cultivation notes=Requires a position in full sun when grown outdoors in Britain and a well-drained moisture retentive soil{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-42}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. It strongly dislikes excessive wet, especially in the winter{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Plants require a definite dry resting period in late summer, if they receive water at this time they are excited into growth and can then be killed in cold weather{{Ref | PFAFimport-120}}.
 
A very ornamental plant{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}, it is hardy to about -5°c and can succeed outdoors in the milder areas of Britain{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. However, because it is in growth during the winter, it is generally best grown in a cold greenhouse or special bulb frame[K].
 
A very ornamental plant{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}, it is hardy to about -5°c and can succeed outdoors in the milder areas of Britain{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. However, because it is in growth during the winter, it is generally best grown in a cold greenhouse or special bulb frame[K].
 
Bulbs should be planted about 10cm deep{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
Bulbs should be planted about 10cm deep{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
|propagation=Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. Sow the seed thinly so that the seedlings can be left undisturbed in the pot for their first year of growth. Give them an occasional liquid feed in the growing season to ensure they do not become nutrient deficient. When the plants become dormant in the summer, pot up the small bulbs placing 2 - 3 bulbs in each pot. Grow them on for another one or two years in the greenhouse before planting them out when they are dormant in late summer.
+
|propagation notes=
 +
|PFAF propagation notes=Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. Sow the seed thinly so that the seedlings can be left undisturbed in the pot for their first year of growth. Give them an occasional liquid feed in the growing season to ensure they do not become nutrient deficient. When the plants become dormant in the summer, pot up the small bulbs placing 2 - 3 bulbs in each pot. Grow them on for another one or two years in the greenhouse before planting them out when they are dormant in late summer.
 
Division of offsets after the plant dies down in late spring or early summer. Larger bulbs can be planted out direct into their permanent positions whilst it is best to pot up the smaller bulbs and grow them on in the greenhouse for a year before planting them out.
 
Division of offsets after the plant dies down in late spring or early summer. Larger bulbs can be planted out direct into their permanent positions whilst it is best to pot up the smaller bulbs and grow them on in the greenhouse for a year before planting them out.
 
|range=Southern N. America - Missouri and Virginia to Florida.
 
|range=Southern N. America - Missouri and Virginia to Florida.
 
|habitat=Damp woods{{Ref | PFAFimport-43}}.
 
|habitat=Damp woods{{Ref | PFAFimport-43}}.
|toxicity notes=The bulb contains toxic compounds{{Ref | PFAFimport-62}}. Horses are said to get the staggers (a cerebrospinal disease) from eating the leaves and bulbs{{Ref | PFAFimport-207}}.
+
|toxicity notes=
 +
|PFAF toxicity notes=The bulb contains toxic compounds{{Ref | PFAFimport-62}}. Horses are said to get the staggers (a cerebrospinal disease) from eating the leaves and bulbs{{Ref | PFAFimport-207}}.
  
|edible use notes=Bulb - cooked{{Ref | PFAFimport-2}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-22}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-46}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-61}}. It is used as an emergency food when better foods are in short supply{{Ref | PFAFimport-61}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-161}}. The bulb is up to 3cm long{{Ref | PFAFimport-235}}. Caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.
+
|edible use notes=
 +
|PFAF edible use notes=Bulb - cooked{{Ref | PFAFimport-2}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-22}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-46}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-61}}. It is used as an emergency food when better foods are in short supply{{Ref | PFAFimport-61}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-161}}. The bulb is up to 3cm long{{Ref | PFAFimport-235}}. Caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.
 
|enabled=Yes
 
|enabled=Yes
 
|title irregular=No
 
|title irregular=No

Latest revision as of 15:25, 4 May 2013

Uses

Toxic parts

The bulb contains toxic compounds[1]. Horses are said to get the staggers (a cerebrospinal disease) from eating the leaves and bulbs[2].

Edible uses

Notes

Bulb - cooked[3][4][5][6]. It is used as an emergency food when better foods are in short supply[6][7]. The bulb is up to 3cm long[8]. Caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Zephyranthes atamasca.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Zephyranthes atamasca.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. Sow the seed thinly so that the seedlings can be left undisturbed in the pot for their first year of growth. Give them an occasional liquid feed in the growing season to ensure they do not become nutrient deficient. When the plants become dormant in the summer, pot up the small bulbs placing 2 - 3 bulbs in each pot. Grow them on for another one or two years in the greenhouse before planting them out when they are dormant in late summer. Division of offsets after the plant dies down in late spring or early summer. Larger bulbs can be planted out direct into their permanent positions whilst it is best to pot up the smaller bulbs and grow them on in the greenhouse for a year before planting them out.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Zephyranthes atamasca. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a position in full sun when grown outdoors in Britain and a well-drained moisture retentive soil[9][10][11]. It strongly dislikes excessive wet, especially in the winter[11]. Plants require a definite dry resting period in late summer, if they receive water at this time they are excited into growth and can then be killed in cold weather[12].

A very ornamental plant[9], it is hardy to about -5°c and can succeed outdoors in the milder areas of Britain[11]. However, because it is in growth during the winter, it is generally best grown in a cold greenhouse or special bulb frame[K].

Bulbs should be planted about 10cm deep[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Zephyranthes atamasca. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Zephyranthes atamasca.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Zephyranthes atamasca
Genus
Zephyranthes
Family
Amaryllidaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? Elias. T. and Dykeman. P. A Field Guide to N. American Edible Wild Plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold ISBN 0442222009 (1982-00-00)
    2. ? Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Sholto-Douglas. J. Alternative Foods. ()
    5. ? 5.05.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
    8. ? 8.08.1 Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    10. ? Grey. C. H. Hardy Bulbs. Williams & Norgate. (1938-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    12. ? ? The Plantsman. Vol. 2. 1980 - 1981. Royal Horticultural Society (1980-00-00)
    13. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)