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(Migrating article to Creative Commons BY-SA, isolating PFAF NC content for manual migration. See the page: Migrating PFAF Licensing)
 
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|medicinal uses references=PFAFimport-46,PFAFimport-61,PFAFimport-147,PFAFimport-218,PFAFimport-82
 
|medicinal uses references=PFAFimport-46,PFAFimport-61,PFAFimport-147,PFAFimport-218,PFAFimport-82
  
|cultivation=Prefers a good deep well-drained moisture retentive soil in full sun or semi-shade{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-11}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
+
|cultivation notes=
 +
|PFAF cultivation notes=Prefers a good deep well-drained moisture retentive soil in full sun or semi-shade{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-11}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
A very ornamental plant{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}, it is usually hardy in most parts of Britain but can be damaged in severe winters{{Ref | PFAFimport-11}}.
 
A very ornamental plant{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}, it is usually hardy in most parts of Britain but can be damaged in severe winters{{Ref | PFAFimport-11}}.
 
Fruits are freely produced after a hot summer{{Ref | PFAFimport-11}}. The flowers are formed on the old wood{{Ref | PFAFimport-206}}.
 
Fruits are freely produced after a hot summer{{Ref | PFAFimport-11}}. The flowers are formed on the old wood{{Ref | PFAFimport-206}}.
 
Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
 
Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
|propagation=Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help{{Ref | PFAFimport-113}}. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible. Germination should take place in late spring, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in early summer.
+
|propagation notes=
 +
|PFAF propagation notes=Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help{{Ref | PFAFimport-113}}. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible. Germination should take place in late spring, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in early summer.
 
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame.
 
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame.
 
Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots in a greenhouse. Good percentage{{Ref | PFAFimport-78}}.
 
Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots in a greenhouse. Good percentage{{Ref | PFAFimport-78}}.
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|habitat=Low mountains in Japan{{Ref | PFAFimport-58}}.
 
|habitat=Low mountains in Japan{{Ref | PFAFimport-58}}.
  
|edible use notes=Seed - cooked. It can be ground into a powder and used as a condiment{{Ref | PFAFimport-183}}, a pepper substitute{{Ref | PFAFimport-2}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-46}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-177}}. A light roasting brings out more of the flavour{{Ref | PFAFimport-206}}. The seed is an ingredient of the famous Chinese 'five spice' mixture{{Ref | PFAFimport-206}}. The peel is also used{{Ref | PFAFimport-105}}.
+
|edible use notes=
 +
|PFAF edible use notes=Seed - cooked. It can be ground into a powder and used as a condiment{{Ref | PFAFimport-183}}, a pepper substitute{{Ref | PFAFimport-2}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-46}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-177}}. A light roasting brings out more of the flavour{{Ref | PFAFimport-206}}. The seed is an ingredient of the famous Chinese 'five spice' mixture{{Ref | PFAFimport-206}}. The peel is also used{{Ref | PFAFimport-105}}.
 
Young leaves are eaten{{Ref | PFAFimport-105}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-177}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-183}}. No further details are given.
 
Young leaves are eaten{{Ref | PFAFimport-105}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-177}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-183}}. No further details are given.
|medicinal use notes=The seeds and roots are stomachic and vermifuge{{Ref | PFAFimport-46}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-61}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-147}}. A decoction of 7 - 14 seeds is used in the treatment of abscesses, arthritis, bruises, gastritis, swellings etc{{Ref | PFAFimport-218}}.
+
|medicinal use notes=
 +
|PFAF medicinal use notes=The seeds and roots are stomachic and vermifuge{{Ref | PFAFimport-46}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-61}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-147}}. A decoction of 7 - 14 seeds is used in the treatment of abscesses, arthritis, bruises, gastritis, swellings etc{{Ref | PFAFimport-218}}.
 
The resin contained in the bark, and especially in that of the roots, is powerfully stimulant and tonic{{Ref | PFAFimport-82}}.
 
The resin contained in the bark, and especially in that of the roots, is powerfully stimulant and tonic{{Ref | PFAFimport-82}}.
 
|enabled=Yes
 
|enabled=Yes

Latest revision as of 15:25, 4 May 2013

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - cooked. It can be ground into a powder and used as a condiment[1], a pepper substitute[2][3][4]. A light roasting brings out more of the flavour[5]. The seed is an ingredient of the famous Chinese 'five spice' mixture[5]. The peel is also used[6]. Young leaves are eaten[6][4][1]. No further details are given.

Unknown part

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Zanthoxylum planispinum.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The seeds and roots are stomachic and vermifuge[3][7][8]. A decoction of 7 - 14 seeds is used in the treatment of abscesses, arthritis, bruises, gastritis, swellings etc[9]. The resin contained in the bark, and especially in that of the roots, is powerfully stimulant and tonic[10].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help[11]. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible. Germination should take place in late spring, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in early summer.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots in a greenhouse. Good percentage[12].

Suckers, removed in late winter and planted into their permanent positions[11].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Zanthoxylum planispinum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a good deep well-drained moisture retentive soil in full sun or semi-shade[13][14][15].

A very ornamental plant[13], it is usually hardy in most parts of Britain but can be damaged in severe winters[14]. Fruits are freely produced after a hot summer[14]. The flowers are formed on the old wood[5].

Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Zanthoxylum planispinum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Zanthoxylum planispinum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Zanthoxylum planispinum
Genus
Zanthoxylum
Family
Rutaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Larkcom J. Oriental Vegetables John Murray ISBN 0-7195-4781-4 (1991-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    9. ? 9.09.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    12. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.114.214.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    16. ? Ohwi. G. Flora of Japan. (English translation) Smithsonian Institution (1965-00-00)