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(Migrating article to Creative Commons BY-SA, isolating PFAF NC content for manual migration. See the page: Migrating PFAF Licensing)
 
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|medicinal uses references=PFAFimport-147,PFAFimport-218,PFAFimport-176
 
|medicinal uses references=PFAFimport-147,PFAFimport-218,PFAFimport-176
  
|cultivation=We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors at least in the milder areas of the country. It is said to be often cultivated for its edible fruit, especially in hot dry river valleys in China{{Ref | PFAFimport-109}}. There is some doubt over the correct name for this species, it might be no more than a synonym of Z. simulans. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus.
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|cultivation notes=
 +
|PFAF cultivation notes=We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors at least in the milder areas of the country. It is said to be often cultivated for its edible fruit, especially in hot dry river valleys in China{{Ref | PFAFimport-109}}. There is some doubt over the correct name for this species, it might be no more than a synonym of Z. simulans. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus.
 
Prefers a good deep well-drained moisture retentive soil in full sun or semi-shade{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-11}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
Prefers a good deep well-drained moisture retentive soil in full sun or semi-shade{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-11}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
 
Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
 
Flowers are formed on the old wood{{Ref | PFAFimport-206}}.
 
Flowers are formed on the old wood{{Ref | PFAFimport-206}}.
|propagation=Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help{{Ref | PFAFimport-113}}. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible. Germination should take place in late spring, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in early summer.
+
|propagation notes=
 +
|PFAF propagation notes=Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help{{Ref | PFAFimport-113}}. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible. Germination should take place in late spring, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in early summer.
 
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame.
 
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame.
 
Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots in a greenhouse. Good percentage{{Ref | PFAFimport-78}}.
 
Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots in a greenhouse. Good percentage{{Ref | PFAFimport-78}}.
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|range=E. Asia - China.
 
|range=E. Asia - China.
 
|habitat=Waysides and thickets to 2000 metres in W. China{{Ref | PFAFimport-109}}.
 
|habitat=Waysides and thickets to 2000 metres in W. China{{Ref | PFAFimport-109}}.
|toxicity notes=The plant is toxic{{Ref | PFAFimport-147}}. No more details.
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|toxicity notes=
 +
|PFAF toxicity notes=The plant is toxic{{Ref | PFAFimport-147}}. No more details.
  
|edible use notes=Seed - used as a condiment, a pepper substitute{{Ref | PFAFimport-109}}. Highly prized{{Ref | PFAFimport-109}}. The fruit is rather small but is produced in clusters which makes harvesting easy[K]. Each fruit contains a single seed.
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|edible use notes=
|medicinal use notes=The fruit is anaesthetic, anthelmintic, aromatic, astringent, carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue, stimulant, sudorific, vasodilator and vermifuge{{Ref | PFAFimport-147}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-218}}. It is pulverised then mixed with water for internal application in the treatment of chills and pains in the abdomen, vomiting, cold-damp diarrhoea and dysentery, ascariasis-caused abdominal pain and moist sores on the skin{{Ref | PFAFimport-147}}.
+
|PFAF edible use notes=Seed - used as a condiment, a pepper substitute{{Ref | PFAFimport-109}}. Highly prized{{Ref | PFAFimport-109}}. The fruit is rather small but is produced in clusters which makes harvesting easy[K]. Each fruit contains a single seed.
 +
|medicinal use notes=
 +
|PFAF medicinal use notes=The fruit is anaesthetic, anthelmintic, aromatic, astringent, carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue, stimulant, sudorific, vasodilator and vermifuge{{Ref | PFAFimport-147}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-218}}. It is pulverised then mixed with water for internal application in the treatment of chills and pains in the abdomen, vomiting, cold-damp diarrhoea and dysentery, ascariasis-caused abdominal pain and moist sores on the skin{{Ref | PFAFimport-147}}.
 
The pericarp is anaesthetic, anthelmintic, antibacterial and antifungal{{Ref | PFAFimport-176}}. It is effective against the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, and is also used in the treatment of gastralgia, dyspepsia, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, ascariasis and dermal diseases{{Ref | PFAFimport-176}}.
 
The pericarp is anaesthetic, anthelmintic, antibacterial and antifungal{{Ref | PFAFimport-176}}. It is effective against the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, and is also used in the treatment of gastralgia, dyspepsia, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, ascariasis and dermal diseases{{Ref | PFAFimport-176}}.
 
The pericarp contains geraniol. This lowers the blood pressure, is mildly diuretic in small doses but in large doses inhibits the excretion of urine, and also increases peristalsis of the abdomen at low doses though inhibits it at large doses{{Ref | PFAFimport-176}}.
 
The pericarp contains geraniol. This lowers the blood pressure, is mildly diuretic in small doses but in large doses inhibits the excretion of urine, and also increases peristalsis of the abdomen at low doses though inhibits it at large doses{{Ref | PFAFimport-176}}.

Latest revision as of 15:25, 4 May 2013

Uses

Toxic parts

The plant is toxic[1]. No more details.

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - used as a condiment, a pepper substitute[2]. Highly prized[2]. The fruit is rather small but is produced in clusters which makes harvesting easy[K]. Each fruit contains a single seed.

Unknown part

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Zanthoxylum bungeanum.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The fruit is anaesthetic, anthelmintic, aromatic, astringent, carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue, stimulant, sudorific, vasodilator and vermifuge[1][3]. It is pulverised then mixed with water for internal application in the treatment of chills and pains in the abdomen, vomiting, cold-damp diarrhoea and dysentery, ascariasis-caused abdominal pain and moist sores on the skin[1].

The pericarp is anaesthetic, anthelmintic, antibacterial and antifungal[4]. It is effective against the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, and is also used in the treatment of gastralgia, dyspepsia, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, ascariasis and dermal diseases[4].

The pericarp contains geraniol. This lowers the blood pressure, is mildly diuretic in small doses but in large doses inhibits the excretion of urine, and also increases peristalsis of the abdomen at low doses though inhibits it at large doses[4].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help[5]. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible. Germination should take place in late spring, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in early summer.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots in a greenhouse. Good percentage[6].

Suckers, removed in late winter and planted into their permanent positions[5].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Zanthoxylum bungeanum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors at least in the milder areas of the country. It is said to be often cultivated for its edible fruit, especially in hot dry river valleys in China[2]. There is some doubt over the correct name for this species, it might be no more than a synonym of Z. simulans. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus.

Prefers a good deep well-drained moisture retentive soil in full sun or semi-shade[7][8][9]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Flowers are formed on the old wood[10].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Zanthoxylum bungeanum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Zanthoxylum bungeanum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Zanthoxylum bungeanum
Genus
Zanthoxylum
Family
Rutaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    6 x meters
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Wilson. E. H. Plantae Wilsonae. ()
    3. ? 3.03.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    6. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    7. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    8. ? Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    9. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    10. ? Larkcom J. Oriental Vegetables John Murray ISBN 0-7195-4781-4 (1991-00-00)