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(Migrating article to Creative Commons BY-SA, isolating PFAF NC content for manual migration. See the page: Migrating PFAF Licensing)
 
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{{Plant
 
{{Plant
 +
|primary image=Tilia mongolica0.jpg
 
|common=Mongolian Lime
 
|common=Mongolian Lime
 
|binomial=Tilia mongolica
 
|binomial=Tilia mongolica
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|medicinal uses references=PFAFimport-226
 
|medicinal uses references=PFAFimport-226
 
|material uses references=PFAFimport-229
 
|material uses references=PFAFimport-229
}}
+
 
{{Article state
+
|cultivation notes=
|article incomplete=Yes
+
|PFAF cultivation notes=Prefers a good moist loamy alkaline to neutral soil but succeeds on slightly acid soils{{Ref | PFAFimport-11}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Grows poorly on any very dry or very wet soil{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Dislikes exposed positions according to one report{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}, whilst another says that it is tolerant of exposure{{Ref | PFAFimport-125}}. Succeeds in full sun or semi-shade{{Ref | PFAFimport-188}}.
}}
+
{{PFAF import
+
|cultivation=Prefers a good moist loamy alkaline to neutral soil but succeeds on slightly acid soils{{Ref | PFAFimport-11}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Grows poorly on any very dry or very wet soil{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Dislikes exposed positions according to one report{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}, whilst another says that it is tolerant of exposure{{Ref | PFAFimport-125}}. Succeeds in full sun or semi-shade{{Ref | PFAFimport-188}}.
+
 
Prefers a  continental climate, growing more slowly and not producing fertile seed in areas with cool summers{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. This species flourishes in Britain{{Ref | PFAFimport-11}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-125}}.
 
Prefers a  continental climate, growing more slowly and not producing fertile seed in areas with cool summers{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. This species flourishes in Britain{{Ref | PFAFimport-11}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-125}}.
 
Lime trees tend to hybridise freely if other members of the genus are growing nearby{{Ref | PFAFimport-238}}. If growing plants from seed it is important to ensure the seed came from a wild source or from an isolated clump of the single species[K].
 
Lime trees tend to hybridise freely if other members of the genus are growing nearby{{Ref | PFAFimport-238}}. If growing plants from seed it is important to ensure the seed came from a wild source or from an isolated clump of the single species[K].
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Quite tolerant of root disturbance, semi-mature trees up to 5 metres tall have been transplanted successfully.
 
Quite tolerant of root disturbance, semi-mature trees up to 5 metres tall have been transplanted successfully.
 
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
|propagation=Seed - much of the seed produced in Britain is not viable, cut a few seedcases open to see if there is a seed inside{{Ref | PFAFimport-80}}. If possible, obtain fresh seed that is ripe but has not as yet developed a hard seed coat and sow it immediately in a cold frame. It may germinate in the following spring though it could take 18 months{{Ref | PFAFimport-80}}. Stored seed can be very slow to germinate. It has a hard seed coat, embryo dormancy and a hard coat on the pericarp. All these factors mean that the seed may take up to 8 years to germinate{{Ref | PFAFimport-80}}. One way of shortening this time is to stratify the seed for 5 months at high temperatures (10°c at night, up to 30°c by day) and then 5 months cold stratification{{Ref | PFAFimport-80}}. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
+
|propagation notes=
 +
|PFAF propagation notes=Seed - much of the seed produced in Britain is not viable, cut a few seedcases open to see if there is a seed inside{{Ref | PFAFimport-80}}. If possible, obtain fresh seed that is ripe but has not as yet developed a hard seed coat and sow it immediately in a cold frame. It may germinate in the following spring though it could take 18 months{{Ref | PFAFimport-80}}. Stored seed can be very slow to germinate. It has a hard seed coat, embryo dormancy and a hard coat on the pericarp. All these factors mean that the seed may take up to 8 years to germinate{{Ref | PFAFimport-80}}. One way of shortening this time is to stratify the seed for 5 months at high temperatures (10°c at night, up to 30°c by day) and then 5 months cold stratification{{Ref | PFAFimport-80}}. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
 
Layering in spring just before the leaves unfurl. Takes 1 - 3 years{{Ref | PFAFimport-78}}.
 
Layering in spring just before the leaves unfurl. Takes 1 - 3 years{{Ref | PFAFimport-78}}.
 
Suckers, when formed, can be removed with as much root as possible during the dormant season and replanted immediately{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
Suckers, when formed, can be removed with as much root as possible during the dormant season and replanted immediately{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
|range=E. Asia - N. China to Mongolia.
 
|range=E. Asia - N. China to Mongolia.
 
|habitat=Mountain slopes, 1300 - 2300 metres in China{{Ref | PFAFimport-109}}.
 
|habitat=Mountain slopes, 1300 - 2300 metres in China{{Ref | PFAFimport-109}}.
|hazards=None known
+
|material use notes=
|uses=A fibre is obtained from the tough inner bark It can be made into diverse items such as mats, shoes and coarse cloth{{Ref | PFAFimport-229}}.
+
|PFAF material use notes=A fibre is obtained from the tough inner bark It can be made into diverse items such as mats, shoes and coarse cloth{{Ref | PFAFimport-229}}.
|edible=Young leaves and shoots - raw or cooked{{Ref | PFAFimport-105}}. An emergency food, it is only used when all else fails{{Ref | PFAFimport-177}}.
+
|edible use notes=
 +
|PFAF edible use notes=Young leaves and shoots - raw or cooked{{Ref | PFAFimport-105}}. An emergency food, it is only used when all else fails{{Ref | PFAFimport-177}}.
 
A refreshing herb tea is made from the flowers.
 
A refreshing herb tea is made from the flowers.
 
A very good chocolate substitute is made from a paste of the ground fruits and flowers{{Ref | PFAFimport-2}}. Trials on marketing the product failed because the paste decomposes readily{{Ref | PFAFimport-2}}.
 
A very good chocolate substitute is made from a paste of the ground fruits and flowers{{Ref | PFAFimport-2}}. Trials on marketing the product failed because the paste decomposes readily{{Ref | PFAFimport-2}}.
|medicinal=A tea made from the flowers is antispasmodic, diaphoretic and sedative{{Ref | PFAFimport-226}}.
+
|medicinal use notes=
 +
|PFAF medicinal use notes=A tea made from the flowers is antispasmodic, diaphoretic and sedative{{Ref | PFAFimport-226}}.
 
|enabled=Yes
 
|enabled=Yes
 
|title irregular=No
 
|title irregular=No
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|id=http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
 
|id=http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
 
|date=1994-00-00}}
 
|date=1994-00-00}}
 +
}}{{Article state
 +
|article cleanup=Yes
 +
|article incomplete=Yes
 +
|article citations=No
 
}}
 
}}

Latest revision as of 15:10, 4 May 2013

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young leaves and shoots - raw or cooked[1]. An emergency food, it is only used when all else fails[2].

A refreshing herb tea is made from the flowers.

A very good chocolate substitute is made from a paste of the ground fruits and flowers[3]. Trials on marketing the product failed because the paste decomposes readily[3].

Leaves

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

A fibre is obtained from the tough inner bark It can be made into diverse items such as mats, shoes and coarse cloth[4].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

A tea made from the flowers is antispasmodic, diaphoretic and sedative[5].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - much of the seed produced in Britain is not viable, cut a few seedcases open to see if there is a seed inside[6]. If possible, obtain fresh seed that is ripe but has not as yet developed a hard seed coat and sow it immediately in a cold frame. It may germinate in the following spring though it could take 18 months[6]. Stored seed can be very slow to germinate. It has a hard seed coat, embryo dormancy and a hard coat on the pericarp. All these factors mean that the seed may take up to 8 years to germinate[6]. One way of shortening this time is to stratify the seed for 5 months at high temperatures (10°c at night, up to 30°c by day) and then 5 months cold stratification[6]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Layering in spring just before the leaves unfurl. Takes 1 - 3 years[7].

Suckers, when formed, can be removed with as much root as possible during the dormant season and replanted immediately[8].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Tilia mongolica. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a good moist loamy alkaline to neutral soil but succeeds on slightly acid soils[9][8]. Grows poorly on any very dry or very wet soil[8]. Dislikes exposed positions according to one report[8], whilst another says that it is tolerant of exposure[10]. Succeeds in full sun or semi-shade[11].

Prefers a continental climate, growing more slowly and not producing fertile seed in areas with cool summers[8]. This species flourishes in Britain[9][10]. Lime trees tend to hybridise freely if other members of the genus are growing nearby[12]. If growing plants from seed it is important to ensure the seed came from a wild source or from an isolated clump of the single species[K]. Grows best in a woodland situation, young plants tolerate a reasonable level of side shade[8]. Unlike most other members of this genus, this species does not usually become infested with aphis[10]. Quite tolerant of root disturbance, semi-mature trees up to 5 metres tall have been transplanted successfully.

Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[8].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Tilia mongolica. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Tilia mongolica.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Tilia mongolica
Genus
Tilia
Family
Tiliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Tilia mongolica0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Tilia mongolica0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Lauriault. J. Identification Guide to the Trees of Canada Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Ontario. ISBN 0889025649 (1989-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
  7. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.58.68.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.2 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 ? The Plantsman. Vol. 5. 1983 - 1984. Royal Horticultural Society (1983-00-00)
  11. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
  12. ? Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  13. ? [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)

Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-109" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.

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