The root contains 23-25 per cent of tannin. An essential oil obtained from the fresh flowers is used in the cosmetic industry. The plant also has an extensive root system and is used for soil stabilization.This species can also be used as a rootstock for other species of rose, especially for ramblers and when grown on poor soils.
The fruit is anodyne, diuretic, hypoglycaemic and laxative. It is also antidotal to fish poisoning. It is used to treat constipation and articular pain and as an application to foul ulcers, wounds, sprains and injuries. The seed is laxative and diuretic. The root is rich in tannins. It is astringent and carminative.The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July in a shaded frame. Overwinter the plants in the frame and plant out in late spring. High percentage. Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth. Select pencil thick shoots in early autumn that are about 20 - 25cm long and plant them in a sheltered position outdoors or in a cold frame. The cuttings can take 12 months to establish but a high percentage of them normally succeed. Division of suckers in the dormant season. Plant them out direct into their permanent positions.Layering. Takes 12 months.
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Grows well with alliums, parsley, mignonette and lupins. Garlic planted nearby can help protect the plant from disease and insect predation. Grows badly with boxwood. A very ornamental plant, more than 100 blooms can be produced in a single cluster. These flowers possess a delicious sweet fruity perfume. Plants often self-layer. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus.Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus.
Problems, pests & diseases
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