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|medicinal uses references=PFAFimport-194,PFAFimport-240,PFAFimport-218
 
|medicinal uses references=PFAFimport-194,PFAFimport-240,PFAFimport-218
  
|cultivation=We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though if it proves to be tender, it should be possible to treat it as an annual, sowing the seed in early spring in a warm greenhouse and planting out after the last expected frosts[K]. It is highly resistant to pests and diseases and is worthy of cultivation{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}. Closely related to P. virginiana{{Ref | PFAFimport-218}}. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus.
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|cultivation notes=
 +
|PFAF cultivation notes=We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though if it proves to be tender, it should be possible to treat it as an annual, sowing the seed in early spring in a warm greenhouse and planting out after the last expected frosts[K]. It is highly resistant to pests and diseases and is worthy of cultivation{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}. Closely related to P. virginiana{{Ref | PFAFimport-218}}. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus.
 
Succeeds in any well-drained soil in full sun or light shade{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
Succeeds in any well-drained soil in full sun or light shade{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
|propagation=Seed - sow March/April in a greenhouse only just covering the seed. Germination usually takes place quickly and freely. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots of fairly rich soil when they are large enough to handle and plant them out after the last expected frosts. Consider giving them some protection such as a cloche until they are growing away well. Diurnal temperature fluctuations assist germination{{Ref | PFAFimport-170}}.
+
|propagation notes=
 +
|PFAF propagation notes=Seed - sow March/April in a greenhouse only just covering the seed. Germination usually takes place quickly and freely. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots of fairly rich soil when they are large enough to handle and plant them out after the last expected frosts. Consider giving them some protection such as a cloche until they are growing away well. Diurnal temperature fluctuations assist germination{{Ref | PFAFimport-170}}.
 
Division in spring{{Ref | PFAFimport-111}}. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer.
 
Division in spring{{Ref | PFAFimport-111}}. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer.
 
Basal cuttings in early summer{{Ref | PFAFimport-111}}. Harvest the shoots with plenty of underground stem when they are about 8 - 10cm above the ground. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer.
 
Basal cuttings in early summer{{Ref | PFAFimport-111}}. Harvest the shoots with plenty of underground stem when they are about 8 - 10cm above the ground. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer.
 
|range=E. Asia - China, Himalayas, to Australia.
 
|range=E. Asia - China, Himalayas, to Australia.
 
|habitat=Sandy river flats in Australia{{Ref | PFAFimport-144}}. Field edges, waste ground near houses, roadsides etc, in porous organic-rich soils in the Himalayas{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}.
 
|habitat=Sandy river flats in Australia{{Ref | PFAFimport-144}}. Field edges, waste ground near houses, roadsides etc, in porous organic-rich soils in the Himalayas{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}.
|hazards=Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where many of the members have poisonous leaves and stems, though the full ripe fruits are usually edible{{Ref | PFAFimport-19}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-65}}.
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|toxicity notes=
 +
|PFAF toxicity notes=Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where many of the members have poisonous leaves and stems, though the full ripe fruits are usually edible{{Ref | PFAFimport-19}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-65}}.
  
|edible=Edible fruit - cooked{{Ref | PFAFimport-46}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-61}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-144}}. Tastes like a cherry tomato{{Ref | PFAFimport-193}}. Scarcely worthwhile{{Ref | PFAFimport-105}}. Juicy, mildly astringent and sweet with a pleasant blend of acid, the overall quality is good{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}. The unripe fruit can be cooked as a vegetable{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}. The fruit is about 1.5cm in diameter{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}. It contains about 6% sugars, 2.7% protein, 1.2% ash, 0.6% tannin and 0.5% pectin{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}. A good quantity of vitamin C. about 24.5mg per 100ml of juice{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}. The fruit is formed and ripens consecutively over a long period{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}. Average yields from a plant covering 2.5 square metres are about 545g{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}. The plant conveniently wraps up each fruit in its own 'paper bag' (botanically, the calyx) to protect it from pests and the elements. This calyx is toxic and should not be eaten.
+
|edible use notes=
|medicinal use notes=The fruit is said to be appetizer, bitter, diuretic, laxative and tonic{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-240}}.
+
|PFAF edible use notes=Edible fruit - cooked{{Ref | PFAFimport-46}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-61}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-144}}. Tastes like a cherry tomato{{Ref | PFAFimport-193}}. Scarcely worthwhile{{Ref | PFAFimport-105}}. Juicy, mildly astringent and sweet with a pleasant blend of acid, the overall quality is good{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}. The unripe fruit can be cooked as a vegetable{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}. The fruit is about 1.5cm in diameter{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}. It contains about 6% sugars, 2.7% protein, 1.2% ash, 0.6% tannin and 0.5% pectin{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}. A good quantity of vitamin C. about 24.5mg per 100ml of juice{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}. The fruit is formed and ripens consecutively over a long period{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}. Average yields from a plant covering 2.5 square metres are about 545g{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}. The plant conveniently wraps up each fruit in its own 'paper bag' (botanically, the calyx) to protect it from pests and the elements. This calyx is toxic and should not be eaten.
 +
|medicinal use notes=
 +
|PFAF medicinal use notes=The fruit is said to be appetizer, bitter, diuretic, laxative and tonic{{Ref | PFAFimport-194}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-240}}.
 
Extracts from the plant have shown anticancer activity{{Ref | PFAFimport-218}}.
 
Extracts from the plant have shown anticancer activity{{Ref | PFAFimport-218}}.
 
The juice of the leaves, mixed with mustard oil and water, has been used as a remedy for earache{{Ref | PFAFimport-240}}.
 
The juice of the leaves, mixed with mustard oil and water, has been used as a remedy for earache{{Ref | PFAFimport-240}}.
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|id=ISBN 0730104001
 
|id=ISBN 0730104001
 
|date=1993-00-00}}
 
|date=1993-00-00}}
 +
}}{{Article state
 +
|article cleanup=Yes
 +
|article incomplete=Yes
 +
|article citations=No
 
}}
 
}}

Latest revision as of 14:14, 4 May 2013

Uses

Toxic parts

Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where many of the members have poisonous leaves and stems, though the full ripe fruits are usually edible[1][2].

Edible uses

Notes

Edible fruit - cooked[3][4][5]. Tastes like a cherry tomato[6]. Scarcely worthwhile[7]. Juicy, mildly astringent and sweet with a pleasant blend of acid, the overall quality is good[8]. The unripe fruit can be cooked as a vegetable[8]. The fruit is about 1.5cm in diameter[8]. It contains about 6% sugars, 2.7% protein, 1.2% ash, 0.6% tannin and 0.5% pectin[8]. A good quantity of vitamin C. about 24.5mg per 100ml of juice[8]. The fruit is formed and ripens consecutively over a long period[8]. Average yields from a plant covering 2.5 square metres are about 545g[8]. The plant conveniently wraps up each fruit in its own 'paper bag' (botanically, the calyx) to protect it from pests and the elements. This calyx is toxic and should not be eaten.

Fruit

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Physalis minima.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The fruit is said to be appetizer, bitter, diuretic, laxative and tonic[8][9].

Extracts from the plant have shown anticancer activity[10].

The juice of the leaves, mixed with mustard oil and water, has been used as a remedy for earache[9].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow March/April in a greenhouse only just covering the seed. Germination usually takes place quickly and freely. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots of fairly rich soil when they are large enough to handle and plant them out after the last expected frosts. Consider giving them some protection such as a cloche until they are growing away well. Diurnal temperature fluctuations assist germination[11].

Division in spring[12]. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer.

Basal cuttings in early summer[12]. Harvest the shoots with plenty of underground stem when they are about 8 - 10cm above the ground. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Physalis minima. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though if it proves to be tender, it should be possible to treat it as an annual, sowing the seed in early spring in a warm greenhouse and planting out after the last expected frosts[K]. It is highly resistant to pests and diseases and is worthy of cultivation[8]. Closely related to P. virginiana[10]. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Succeeds in any well-drained soil in full sun or light shade[13].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Physalis minima. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Physalis minima.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Physalis minima
Genus
Physalis
Family
Solanaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    x meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? Stary. F. Poisonous Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-35666-3 (1983-00-00)
    2. ? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Cribb. A. B. and J. W. Wild Food in Australia. Fontana ISBN 0-00-634436-4 (1976-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Low. T. Wild Food Plants of Australia. Angus and Robertson. ISBN 0-207-14383-8 (1989-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    8. ? 8.008.018.028.038.048.058.068.078.088.098.10 Parmar. C. and Kaushal. M.K. Wild Fruits of the Sub-Himalayan Region. Kalyani Publishers. New Delhi. (1982-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.2 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.2 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Dremann. C. G. Ground Cherries, Husk Tomatoes and Tomatilloes. Redwood City Seed Co ISBN 0-933421-03-6 (1985-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Sanders. T. W. Popular Hardy Perennials. Collingridge (1926-00-00)
    13. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    14. ? Carolin. R. & Tindale. M. Flora of the Sydney Region Reed. Australia. ISBN 0730104001 (1993-00-00)