This article has been marked as incomplete. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Edible uses

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Lycopus virginicus.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Lycopus virginicus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on cultivation. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Lycopus virginicus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Lycopus virginicus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Lycopus virginicus
Genus
Lycopus
Family
Labiatae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    Notes

    Cultivation

    Tolerates most soil types so long as they are wet. Succeeds in full sun or in partial shade[7], in damp meadows or in wet places by ponds or streams[10].

    Propagation

    Seed - sow spring or autumn in a cold frame[7]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first year. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer. Division in spring or autumn[7]. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

    Range

    Eastern N. America - New York and Wisconsin south to Georgia and Texas.

    Habitat

    Low damp shady ground in rich moist soils[9].

    Known hazards

    None known

    Edible uses

    Root - cooked[1][2].

    Material uses

    None known

    Medicinal uses

    Bugleweed has sedative properties and is used in modern herbalism principally to treat an overactive thyroid gland and the racing heartbeat that often accompanies this condition[3]. The whole plant is used as an astringent, hypoglycaemic, mild narcotic and mild sedative[4][5][6][7]. It also slows and strengthens heart contractions[7]. The plant has been shown to be of value in the treatment of hyperthyroidism[6][7], it is also used in the treatment of coughs, bleeding from the lungs and consumption, excessive menstruation etc[4][7]. It should not be prescribed for pregnant women or patients with hypothyroidism[7]. The plant is harvested as flowering begins and can be use fresh or dried, in an infusion or as a tincture[4][7]. The root has been chewed, a portion swallowed and the rest applied externally in the treatment of snakebites[8].


    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Kavasch. B. Native Harvests. Vintage Books ISBN 0-394-72811-4 (1979-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.67.77.87.9 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    11. ? Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)