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Uses

Edible uses

Material uses

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Lycopus americanus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on cultivation. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Lycopus americanus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Lycopus americanus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Lycopus americanus
Genus
Lycopus
Family
Labiatae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    Notes

    Cultivation

    Succeeds in damp meadows or in wet places by ponds or streams[2].

    Propagation

    Seed - sow spring or autumn in a cold frame[6]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first year. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer. Division in spring or autumn[6]. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

    Range

    N. America - Newfoundland to British Columbia, south to Florida, Texas, Utah and California.

    Habitat

    Low moist or wet places[5][8].

    Known hazards

    None known

    Edible uses

    Root - raw or cooked[1]. This contradicts with the report in [2] that the plant does not form tubers on its rhizomes.

    Material uses

    The juice gives a permanent colour to linen and wool and does not wash out[1]. The colour is not mentioned[K].

    Medicinal uses

    The whole plant is used as an astringent, hypoglycaemic, mild narcotic and mild sedative[3][4][5][6]. It also slows and strengthens heart contractions[6]. The plant has been shown to be of value in the treatment of hyperthyroidism[5][6], it is also used in the treatment of coughs, bleeding from the lungs and consumption, excessive menstruation etc[3][6]. It should not be prescribed for pregnant women or patients with hypothyroidism[6]. The plant is harvested as flowering begins and can be use fresh or dried, in an infusion or as a tincture[3][6].


    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Kavasch. B. Native Harvests. Vintage Books ISBN 0-394-72811-4 (1979-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.76.8 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    7. ? Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
    8. ? Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J [Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas] Botanical Research Institute, Texas. (1999-00-00)