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|edible uses references=PFAFimport-123,PFAFimport-177,PFAFimport-183,PFAFimport-105
 
|edible uses references=PFAFimport-123,PFAFimport-177,PFAFimport-183,PFAFimport-105
  
|cultivation=Prefers a deep fertile soil with medium drainage{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
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|cultivation notes=
 +
|PFAF cultivation notes=Prefers a deep fertile soil with medium drainage{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
This species is only hardy in the southern half of England{{Ref | PFAFimport-11}}. A tree growing in deep shade did not produce seed at Kew in the very hot summer of 1989[K]. A tree at Hilliers produced lots of seed in 1994, but they were not fertile and did not contain endosperm[K].
 
This species is only hardy in the southern half of England{{Ref | PFAFimport-11}}. A tree growing in deep shade did not produce seed at Kew in the very hot summer of 1989[K]. A tree at Hilliers produced lots of seed in 1994, but they were not fertile and did not contain endosperm[K].
 
Plants are often confused with L. glabra{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}.
 
Plants are often confused with L. glabra{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}.
|propagation=The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. It needs to be protected from mice, squirrels and other seed eaters. The seed has a short viability but can be stored for a few months if kept cool and slightly damp - the salad compartment of a fridge is a good storage place. Germination takes place in the winter or early spring. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots. If the plants are 15cm or more tall by the summer they can be planted out into their permanent positions. Give them a good weed-excluding mulch and some protection from the cold for their first couple of years outdoors. If growth is not sufficient then grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
+
|propagation notes=
 +
|PFAF propagation notes=The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. It needs to be protected from mice, squirrels and other seed eaters. The seed has a short viability but can be stored for a few months if kept cool and slightly damp - the salad compartment of a fridge is a good storage place. Germination takes place in the winter or early spring. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots. If the plants are 15cm or more tall by the summer they can be planted out into their permanent positions. Give them a good weed-excluding mulch and some protection from the cold for their first couple of years outdoors. If growth is not sufficient then grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
 
|range=E. Asia - C. and S. Japan.
 
|range=E. Asia - C. and S. Japan.
 
|habitat=Not known
 
|habitat=Not known
  
|edible use notes=Seed - raw or cooked{{Ref | PFAFimport-123}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-177}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-183}}. Not of a good taste{{Ref | PFAFimport-105}}. The poor taste is probably due, at least in part, to the presence of tannins. These can be removed by soaking the seed in water for a few days, changing the soak water regularly. The process can be speeded up by grinding the seed into a powder prior to soaking[K]. The seed is an acorn about 25mm long and 8mm wide[K].
+
|edible use notes=
 +
|PFAF edible use notes=Seed - raw or cooked{{Ref | PFAFimport-123}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-177}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-183}}. Not of a good taste{{Ref | PFAFimport-105}}. The poor taste is probably due, at least in part, to the presence of tannins. These can be removed by soaking the seed in water for a few days, changing the soak water regularly. The process can be speeded up by grinding the seed into a powder prior to soaking[K]. The seed is an acorn about 25mm long and 8mm wide[K].
 
|enabled=Yes
 
|enabled=Yes
 
|title irregular=No
 
|title irregular=No
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|id=ISBN 0-333-47494-5
 
|id=ISBN 0-333-47494-5
 
|date=1992-00-00}}
 
|date=1992-00-00}}
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}}{{Article state
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|article cleanup=Yes
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|article incomplete=Yes
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|article citations=No
 
}}
 
}}

Latest revision as of 13:47, 4 May 2013

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - raw or cooked[1][2][3]. Not of a good taste[4]. The poor taste is probably due, at least in part, to the presence of tannins. These can be removed by soaking the seed in water for a few days, changing the soak water regularly. The process can be speeded up by grinding the seed into a powder prior to soaking[K]. The seed is an acorn about 25mm long and 8mm wide[K].

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Lithocarpus edulis.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Lithocarpus edulis.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame[5]. It needs to be protected from mice, squirrels and other seed eaters. The seed has a short viability but can be stored for a few months if kept cool and slightly damp - the salad compartment of a fridge is a good storage place. Germination takes place in the winter or early spring. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots. If the plants are 15cm or more tall by the summer they can be planted out into their permanent positions. Give them a good weed-excluding mulch and some protection from the cold for their first couple of years outdoors. If growth is not sufficient then grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Lithocarpus edulis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a deep fertile soil with medium drainage[5].

This species is only hardy in the southern half of England[6]. A tree growing in deep shade did not produce seed at Kew in the very hot summer of 1989[K]. A tree at Hilliers produced lots of seed in 1994, but they were not fertile and did not contain endosperm[K].

Plants are often confused with L. glabra[7].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Lithocarpus edulis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Lithocarpus edulis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Lithocarpus edulis
Genus
Lithocarpus
Family
Fagaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    9 x meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Lithocarpus edulis3.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 ? Encyclopaedia Britannica. 15th edition. ()
    2. ? 2.02.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    7. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    8. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-58

    "image:Lithocarpus edulis3.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.