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Uses

Toxic parts

Poisonous[1], though the toxicity is of a very low order and normally the consumption of the fruit leads to vomiting or no symptoms at all[2].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Ligustrum vulgare.

Material uses

A yellow dye is obtained from the leaves[3], from the bark according to other reports[4][5].

A bluish-green dye is obtained from the berries[3][4][5], it is more permanent than most greens[6]. A black dye can also be obtained from the fruit[5] as well as an ink[4][5]. Wood - hard, close-grained. It is valuable for turning if it reaches sufficient size[6] and can also be used to make small tools[4][5]. The wood is a source of charcoal[4][5].

The young twigs are used in basketry and hurdle making[4][5][7].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves are astringent, bitter, detergent, vulnerary[8][9]. Internal use of this plant should be avoided since it can produce allergic symptoms[8]. Externally it is a safe and effective treatment[8]. The bark has been used as a stomachic[8], though this is not really recommended.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Sow the seed in spring in a cold frame. Stored seed germinates better if it is stratified,[10]. Remove any fruit flesh from around the seed before it is sown since this can inhibit germination[10]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

The seed can also be sown in outdoor seed beds in the autumn. You can leave the plants to grow on in the seedbed for up to 4 years before planting them out into their permanent positions in the winter. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Very easy[11].

Cuttings of mature wood, 20 - 30cm in a sheltered outdoor bed in November/December[11]. The cuttings can also be placed in situ if required. High percentage[11].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Ligustrum vulgare. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

A very tolerant and easily grown plant, it succeeds in any soil that is not very impoverished[12]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Prefers a calcareous soil and succeeds in thin dry soils[13]. Grows well in light woodland or the full shade of a wall but flowers and fruits best in a sunny position[13]. Tolerant of atmospheric pollution, once established they also tolerate drought but are intolerant of water-logging[13].

A suckering shrub, forming dense thickets and making good bird cover[13]. An important food plant for many caterpillars, including the larvae of the privet hawk moth[13].

This species is notably susceptible to honey fungus[14].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Ligustrum vulgare. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Ligustrum vulgare.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Ligustrum vulgare
Genus
Ligustrum
Family
Oleaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
3 x 3 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Ligustrum vulgare-Boutiers fruits.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? Altmann. H. Poisonous Plants and Animals. Chatto and Windus ISBN 0-7011-2526-8 (1980-00-00)
  2. ? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 Mabey. R. Plants with a Purpose. Fontana ISBN 0-00-635555-2 (1979-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.6 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.55.65.7 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Johnson. C. P. The Useful Plants of Great Britain. ()
  7. ? 7.07.1 Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.4 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.213.313.4 Beckett. G. and K. Planting Native Trees and Shrubs. Jarrold (1979-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  15. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

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