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Uses

Edible uses

Flowers, Leaves

Distilled, Crystallized, Raw as a Condiment, Flavoring

Flowers

Steeped as a Tea

Material uses

The essential oil that is obtained from the flowers is exquisitely scented and has a very wide range of applications, both in the home and commercially. It is commonly used in soap making, in making high quality perfumes (it is also used in 'Eau de Cologne'), it is also used as a detergent and cleaning agent, a food flavouring etc[7][8][9][10][6] and as an insect repellent[11]. When growing the plant for its essential oil content, it is best to harvest the flowering stems as soon as the flowers have faded[12]. Yields of 0.8 - 1% of the oil are obtained[4]. The aromatic leaves and flowers are used in pot-pourri[6] and as an insect repellent in the linen cupboard etc[13][14][15]. They have been used in the past as a strewing herb in order to impart a sweet smell to rooms and to deter insects[16]. The leaves are also added to bath water for their fragrance and therapeutic properties[16]. They are also said to repel mice[15]. The flowering stems, once the flowers have been removed for use in pot-pourri etc, can be tied in small bundles and burnt as incense sticks[12]. Lavender can be grown as a low hedge, responding well to trimming[17]. There are several varieties, such as 'Hidcote Variety', 'Loddon Pink' and 'Folgate Blue' that are suitable for using as dwarf hedges 30 - 50cm tall[12].

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Lavender is a commonly used household herb, though it is better known for its sweet-scented aroma than for its medicinal qualities[18]. However, it is an important relaxing herb, having a soothing and relaxing affect upon the nervous system[18]. The flowering spikes can be dried and used internally in a tincture, though the extracted essential oil is more commonly used. The essential oil is much more gentle in its action than most other essential oils and can be safely applied direct to the skin as an antiseptic to help heal wounds, burns etc[18]. An essential oil obtained from the flowers is antihalitosis, powerfully antiseptic, antispasmodic, aromatic, carminative, cholagogue, diuretic, nervine, sedative, stimulant, stomachic and tonic[19][4][20][7][21][6]. It is not often used internally, though it is a useful carminative and nervine[19]. It is mainly used externally where it is an excellent restorative and tonic - when rubbed into the temples, for example, it can cure a nervous headache, and it is a delightful addition to the bath-water[19]. Its powerful antiseptic properties are able to kill many of the common bacteria such as typhoid, diphtheria, streptococcus and Pneumococcus, as well as being a powerful antidote to some snake venoms[16]. It is very useful in the treatment of burns, sunburn, scalds, bites, vaginal discharge, anal fissure etc, where it also soothes the affected part of the body and can prevent the formation of permanent scar tissue[19][6]. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy. Its keyword is 'Immune system'[22].

Essential oil

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Bee attractor

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed[19]. It usually germinates in 1 - 3 months at 15°c. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter, planting them out in late spring after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood 7 - 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Usually very east, a high percentage will root within a few weeks[23]. Grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter and plant them out in late spring after the last expected frosts. Cuttings 7cm with a heel succeed at almost any time of the year[24]. Layering.

Seed

Rooted cuttings

Cultivation

Succeeds in almost any soil so long as it is well-drained and not too acid[24][25]. Prefers a sunny position in a neutral to alkaline soil[24][19][13]. Prefers a light warm dry soil[26]. When grown in rich soils the plants tend to produce more leaves but less essential oils[19]. Established plants are drought tolerant[27]. Plants are very tolerant of salt wind exposure[K]. When growing for maximum essential oil content, the plant must be given a very warm sunny position and will do best in a light sandy soil, the fragrance being especially pronounced in a chalky soil[12]. Plants are hardy to between -10 and -15°c[28]. Lavender is a very ornamental plant that is often grown in the herb garden and is also grown commercially for its essential oil[24][19]. There are several named varieties[29][3]. Not a very long-lived plant, it can be trimmed to keep it tidy but is probably best replaced every 10 years[25]. Any trimming is best done in spring and should not be done in the autumn since this can encourage new growth that will not be very cold-hardy[25].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Lavandula angustifolia. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Lavandula angustifolia.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Lavandula angustifolia
Genus
Lavandula
Family
Labiatae
Imported References
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Salinity
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
1.2 x 1
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
indigo, violet
Flower Type

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Hedge

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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (32202/01/01)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Bryan. J. and Castle. C. Edible Ornamental Garden. Pitman Publishing ISBN 0-273-00098-5 (32202/01/01)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.5 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (32202/01/01)
  5. ? Ken Fern Lavandula angustifolia Plants for a Future http://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Lavandula+angustifolia (2013/02/13)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.7 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (32202/01/01)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (32202/01/01)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (32202/01/01)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Schery. R. W. Plants for Man. ()
  10. ? 10.010.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (32202/01/01)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Allardice.P. A - Z of Companion Planting. Cassell Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-304-34324-2 (32202/01/01)
  12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.4 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (32202/01/01)
  13. ? 13.013.113.2 Holtom. J. and Hylton. W. Complete Guide to Herbs. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-262-7 (32202/01/01)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins (32202/01/01)
  15. ? 15.015.115.2 Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (32202/01/01)
  16. ? 16.016.116.216.316.4 Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. ISBN 0-330-30725-8 (32202/01/01)
  17. ? 17.017.1 Shepherd. F.W. Hedges and Screens. Royal Horticultural Society. ISBN 0900629649 (32202/01/01)
  18. ? 18.018.118.218.3 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (32202/01/01)
  19. ? 19.019.119.219.319.419.519.619.719.8 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (32202/01/01)
  20. ? 20.020.1 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (32202/01/01)
  21. ? 21.021.1 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
  22. ? 22.022.1 Westwood. C. Aromatherapy - A guide for home use. Amberwood Publishing Ltd ISBN 0-9517723-0-9 (32202/01/01)
  23. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (32202/01/01)
  24. ? 24.024.124.224.3 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (32202/01/01)
  25. ? 25.025.125.225.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
  26. ? Thompson. B. The Gardener's Assistant. Blackie and Son. (32202/01/01)
  27. ? Chatto. B. The Dry Garden. Dent ISBN 0460045512 (32202/01/01)
  28. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (32202/01/01)
  29. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (32202/01/01)
  30. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-11

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"image:Illustration Lavandula angustifolia0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Lavandula angustifolia"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyLabiatae +
Belongs to genusLavandula +
Functions asBee attractor + and Hedge +
Has common nameLavender +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partFlowers + and Leaves +
Has edible useSeasoning +, Flavoring + and Tea +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure +, High wind +, Drought + and Salinity +
Has flowers of colourindigo + and violet +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone5 +
Has imageIllustration Lavandula angustifolia0.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partFlowers +
Has material useEssential oil +, Incense +, Pot-pourri +, Repellent + and Detergent +
Has mature height1.2 +
Has mature width1 +
Has medicinal partEssential oil + and Unknown part +
Has medicinal useAntihalitosis +, Antiseptic +, Antispasmodic +, Aromatherapy +, Aromatic +, Carminative +, Cholagogue +, Diuretic +, Nervine +, Sedative +, Stimulant +, Stomachic + and Tonic +
Has primary imageIllustration Lavandula angustifolia0.jpg +
Has salinity toleranceTolerant +
Has search namelavandula angustifolia + and x +
Has seed requiring scarificationNo +
Has seed requiring stratificationNo +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomy nameLavandula angustifolia +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is grown fromSeeds + and Cutting +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
Tolerates air pollutionNo +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +