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m (Text replace - "|medicinal=None known |" to "|")
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{{Plant
 
{{Plant
 +
|primary image=Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg
 
|common=Candelilla
 
|common=Candelilla
 
|binomial=Euphorbia antisyphilitica
 
|binomial=Euphorbia antisyphilitica
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|life cycle=perennial
 
|life cycle=perennial
 
|herbaceous or woody=woody
 
|herbaceous or woody=woody
|deciduous or evergreen=deciduous
+
|deciduous or evergreen=evergreen
|mature measurement unit=meters
+
||mature measurement unit=meters
 
|mature height=1
 
|mature height=1
 
|flower type=monoecious
 
|flower type=monoecious
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|material uses references=PFAFimport-21,PFAFimport-46,PFAFimport-57,PFAFimport-61,PFAFimport-171
 
|material uses references=PFAFimport-21,PFAFimport-46,PFAFimport-57,PFAFimport-61,PFAFimport-171
  
|cultivation=Prefers a light well-drained moderately rich loam in an open position{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Requires ample water in the growing season but very dry conditions in the winter{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}.
+
|cultivation notes=
 +
|PFAF cultivation notes=Prefers a light well-drained moderately rich loam in an open position{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Requires ample water in the growing season but very dry conditions in the winter{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}.
 
We are not sure if his plant can be grown outdoors in Britain[K], one report says that this plant is hardy to zone 8 (which experiences temperatures down to -5°c){{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Another report says that minimum winter temperatures of 8 - 10°c are ample for the plant to survive{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}.
 
We are not sure if his plant can be grown outdoors in Britain[K], one report says that this plant is hardy to zone 8 (which experiences temperatures down to -5°c){{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Another report says that minimum winter temperatures of 8 - 10°c are ample for the plant to survive{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}.
 
Hybridizes with other members of this genus{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. The ripe seed is released explosively from the seed capsules{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
Hybridizes with other members of this genus{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. The ripe seed is released explosively from the seed capsules{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer and rabbits{{Ref | PFAFimport-233}}.
 
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer and rabbits{{Ref | PFAFimport-233}}.
 
This genus has been singled out as a potential source of latex (for making rubber) for the temperate zone, although no individual species has been singled out{{Ref | PFAFimport-141}}.
 
This genus has been singled out as a potential source of latex (for making rubber) for the temperate zone, although no individual species has been singled out{{Ref | PFAFimport-141}}.
|propagation=Seed - sow spring in a warm greenhouse. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
+
|propagation notes=
 +
|PFAF propagation notes=Seed - sow spring in a warm greenhouse. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
 
Cuttings can be taken throughout the growing season. Leave them to dry and callus for 2 weeks before potting them up{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}.
 
Cuttings can be taken throughout the growing season. Leave them to dry and callus for 2 weeks before potting them up{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}.
 
|range=Southern N. America - Texas to Mexico.
 
|range=Southern N. America - Texas to Mexico.
 
|habitat=Deserts.
 
|habitat=Deserts.
|hazards=The sap contains a latex which is toxic on ingestion and highly irritant externally, causing photosensitive skin reactions and severe inflammation, especially on contact with eyes or open cuts. The toxicity can remain high even in dried plant material{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Prolonged and regular contact with the sap is inadvisable because of its carcinogenic nature{{Ref | PFAFimport-214}}.
+
|toxicity notes=
|uses=A wax is obtained from the whole plant and is used as a polish, water proofer, for making records, lighting etc{{Ref | PFAFimport-21}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-46}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-57}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-61}}. The wax exudes from the plant pores and forms a thin skin on the stems. Most is produced in the winter and it is extracted by boiling up the plant{{Ref | PFAFimport-171}}.
+
|PFAF toxicity notes=The sap contains a latex which is toxic on ingestion and highly irritant externally, causing photosensitive skin reactions and severe inflammation, especially on contact with eyes or open cuts. The toxicity can remain high even in dried plant material{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Prolonged and regular contact with the sap is inadvisable because of its carcinogenic nature{{Ref | PFAFimport-214}}.
|edible=A wax from the plant can be used to make chewing gum{{Ref | PFAFimport-46}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-61}}.
+
|material use notes=
 +
|PFAF material use notes=A wax is obtained from the whole plant and is used as a polish, water proofer, for making records, lighting etc{{Ref | PFAFimport-21}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-46}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-57}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-61}}. The wax exudes from the plant pores and forms a thin skin on the stems. Most is produced in the winter and it is extracted by boiling up the plant{{Ref | PFAFimport-171}}.
 +
|edible use notes=
 +
|PFAF edible use notes=A wax from the plant can be used to make chewing gum{{Ref | PFAFimport-46}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-61}}.
 
|enabled=Yes
 
|enabled=Yes
 
|title irregular=No
 
|title irregular=No
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|id=ISBN 0 460 86048 8
 
|id=ISBN 0 460 86048 8
 
|date=1990-00-00}}
 
|date=1990-00-00}}
 +
}}{{Article state
 +
|article cleanup=Yes
 +
|article incomplete=Yes
 +
|article citations=No
 
}}
 
}}

Latest revision as of 13:11, 4 May 2013

Uses

Toxic parts

The sap contains a latex which is toxic on ingestion and highly irritant externally, causing photosensitive skin reactions and severe inflammation, especially on contact with eyes or open cuts. The toxicity can remain high even in dried plant material[1]. Prolonged and regular contact with the sap is inadvisable because of its carcinogenic nature[2].

Edible uses

Notes

A wax from the plant can be used to make chewing gum[3][4].

Unknown part

Gum

Material uses

A wax is obtained from the whole plant and is used as a polish, water proofer, for making records, lighting etc[5][3][6][4]. The wax exudes from the plant pores and forms a thin skin on the stems. Most is produced in the winter and it is extracted by boiling up the plant[7].

Unknown part

Wax

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Euphorbia antisyphilitica.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a warm greenhouse. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings can be taken throughout the growing season. Leave them to dry and callus for 2 weeks before potting them up[8].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Euphorbia antisyphilitica. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a light well-drained moderately rich loam in an open position[1]. Requires ample water in the growing season but very dry conditions in the winter[8].

We are not sure if his plant can be grown outdoors in Britain[K], one report says that this plant is hardy to zone 8 (which experiences temperatures down to -5°c)[1]. Another report says that minimum winter temperatures of 8 - 10°c are ample for the plant to survive[8]. Hybridizes with other members of this genus[1]. The ripe seed is released explosively from the seed capsules[1]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer and rabbits[9].

This genus has been singled out as a potential source of latex (for making rubber) for the temperate zone, although no individual species has been singled out[10].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Euphorbia antisyphilitica. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Euphorbia antisyphilitica.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Euphorbia antisyphilitica
Genus
Euphorbia
Family
Euphorbiaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
1 x meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

"image:Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  2. ? Matthews. V. The New Plantsman. Volume 1, 1994. Royal Horticultural Society ISBN 1352-4186 (1994-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Schery. R. W. Plants for Man. ()
  7. ? 7.07.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  9. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
  10. ? Carruthers. S. P. (Editor) Alternative Enterprises for Agriculture in the UK. Centre for Agricultural Strategy, Univ. of Reading ISBN 0704909820 (1986-00-00)

"image:Euphorbia antisyphilitica 1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.