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|medicinal uses references=PFAFimport-218,PFAFimport-240,PFAFimport-272,PFAFimport-147
 
|medicinal uses references=PFAFimport-218,PFAFimport-240,PFAFimport-272,PFAFimport-147
  
|cultivation=An easily grown plant{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}, succeeding in most well-drained soils in a sunny position{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Plants flower better when growing on nutritionally poor soils, producing much lusher growth on rich soils{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Plants are drought tolerant once established{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
+
|cultivation notes=
 +
|PFAF cultivation notes=An easily grown plant{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}, succeeding in most well-drained soils in a sunny position{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Plants flower better when growing on nutritionally poor soils, producing much lusher growth on rich soils{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Plants are drought tolerant once established{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
Plants are not frost hardy, but they succeed outdoors in Britain as a spring-sown annual{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
Plants are not frost hardy, but they succeed outdoors in Britain as a spring-sown annual{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
Slugs can be a problem with this plant in a wet spring{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
Slugs can be a problem with this plant in a wet spring{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
The leaves are frequently sold in local markets in Java{{Ref | PFAFimport-183}}.
 
The leaves are frequently sold in local markets in Java{{Ref | PFAFimport-183}}.
|propagation=Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out after the last expected frosts{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
+
|propagation notes=
 +
|PFAF propagation notes=Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out after the last expected frosts{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
The seed can also be sown outdoors in situ in the middle of spring{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
The seed can also be sown outdoors in situ in the middle of spring{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
|range=Tropical Asia.
 
|range=Tropical Asia.
 
|habitat=Waste ground in C. and S. Japan{{Ref | PFAFimport-58}}. Moist areas and uncultivated ground at elevations up to 1700 metres in Nepal{{Ref | PFAFimport-272}}.
 
|habitat=Waste ground in C. and S. Japan{{Ref | PFAFimport-58}}. Moist areas and uncultivated ground at elevations up to 1700 metres in Nepal{{Ref | PFAFimport-272}}.
  
|edible use notes=Leaves and young shoots - raw or cooked{{Ref | PFAFimport-2}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-46}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-61}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-105}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-177}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-272}}. Used as a vegetable{{Ref | PFAFimport-272}}. The whole plant, including the flowers, can be eaten raw or cooked{{Ref | PFAFimport-144}}. The leaves are usually harvested and used before the plant flowers{{Ref | PFAFimport-183}}. A nutritional analysis of the leaves is available{{Ref | PFAFimport-218}}.
+
|edible use notes=
 +
|PFAF edible use notes=Leaves and young shoots - raw or cooked{{Ref | PFAFimport-2}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-46}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-61}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-105}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-177}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-272}}. Used as a vegetable{{Ref | PFAFimport-272}}. The whole plant, including the flowers, can be eaten raw or cooked{{Ref | PFAFimport-144}}. The leaves are usually harvested and used before the plant flowers{{Ref | PFAFimport-183}}. A nutritional analysis of the leaves is available{{Ref | PFAFimport-218}}.
 
The powdered plant is used to prepare a cake fermented with yeast (called marcha in Nepal) from which liquor is distilled{{Ref | PFAFimport-272}}.
 
The powdered plant is used to prepare a cake fermented with yeast (called marcha in Nepal) from which liquor is distilled{{Ref | PFAFimport-272}}.
|medicinal use notes=A tea made from the leaves is used in the treatment of dysentery{{Ref | PFAFimport-218}}. The juice of the leaves is used in treating eye inflammations, night blindness, cuts and wounds and sore ears{{Ref | PFAFimport-240}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-272}}.
+
|medicinal use notes=
 +
|PFAF medicinal use notes=A tea made from the leaves is used in the treatment of dysentery{{Ref | PFAFimport-218}}. The juice of the leaves is used in treating eye inflammations, night blindness, cuts and wounds and sore ears{{Ref | PFAFimport-240}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-272}}.
 
The plant is astringent, depurative, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge and sudorific{{Ref | PFAFimport-147}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-218}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-272}}. It is used in the treatment of infantile tympanites and bowel complaints{{Ref | PFAFimport-240}}.
 
The plant is astringent, depurative, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge and sudorific{{Ref | PFAFimport-147}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-218}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-272}}. It is used in the treatment of infantile tympanites and bowel complaints{{Ref | PFAFimport-240}}.
 
The juice of the root is used in the treatment of diarrhoea{{Ref | PFAFimport-240}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-272}}.
 
The juice of the root is used in the treatment of diarrhoea{{Ref | PFAFimport-240}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-272}}.

Latest revision as of 13:05, 4 May 2013

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves and young shoots - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4][5][6]. Used as a vegetable[6]. The whole plant, including the flowers, can be eaten raw or cooked[7]. The leaves are usually harvested and used before the plant flowers[8]. A nutritional analysis of the leaves is available[9]. The powdered plant is used to prepare a cake fermented with yeast (called marcha in Nepal) from which liquor is distilled[6].

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Emilia sonchifolia.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

A tea made from the leaves is used in the treatment of dysentery[9]. The juice of the leaves is used in treating eye inflammations, night blindness, cuts and wounds and sore ears[10][6].

The plant is astringent, depurative, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge and sudorific[11][9][6]. It is used in the treatment of infantile tympanites and bowel complaints[10]. The juice of the root is used in the treatment of diarrhoea[10][6].

The flower heads are chewed and kept in the mouth for about 10 minutes to protect teeth from decay[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out after the last expected frosts[12][13]. The seed can also be sown outdoors in situ in the middle of spring[12][13].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Emilia sonchifolia. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown plant[12], succeeding in most well-drained soils in a sunny position[13]. Plants flower better when growing on nutritionally poor soils, producing much lusher growth on rich soils[13]. Plants are drought tolerant once established[13].

Plants are not frost hardy, but they succeed outdoors in Britain as a spring-sown annual[13]. Slugs can be a problem with this plant in a wet spring[13].

The leaves are frequently sold in local markets in Java[8].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Emilia sonchifolia. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Emilia sonchifolia.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Emilia sonchifolia
Genus
Emilia
Family
Compositae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
9
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.76.8 Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-527-6 (2002-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Cribb. A. B. and J. W. Wild Food in Australia. Fontana ISBN 0-00-634436-4 (1976-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.4 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    12. ? 12.012.112.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.313.413.513.613.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    14. ? Ohwi. G. Flora of Japan. (English translation) Smithsonian Institution (1965-00-00)