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Uses

Toxic parts

The leaves are slightly cyanogenic[1]. They are also said to contain saponins[2]. Although quite toxic, saponins are poorly absorbed by the body and most pass straight through without any problems. Saponins can be found in a number of common foods such as some types of beans. Saponins are much more toxic to some creatures, such as fish, and hunting tribes have traditionally put large quantities of them in streams, lakes etc in order to stupefy or kill the fish[K].

Edible uses

Notes

Seed[3][4]. No further details are given.

The bitter fruits are a substitute for hops and yeast in making beer[3][2][4].

The chewed leaves are said to be stimulating[3][4] but they contain saponins[2] and are also said to be slightly cyanogenic[1] so their use is not very advisable.

Unknown part

Material uses

The leaves contain up to 18% tannin[5].

Plants are very tolerant of pruning and make a good hedging plant for windy sites[6][7].

Wood - heavy, tough, resistant. Used for wedges, hammers, turnery, inlay, cabinets etc[8].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves are anodyne, astringent, diaphoretic, febrifuge (the var. angustissima is normally used[1]), odontalgic and vulnerary[1][5]. They are applied internally in the treatment of fevers[5]. Externally, they are used to treat toothache, sore throats, wounds, skin rashes and stings[5][9].

The leaves are apparently effective in the treatment of toothache if they are chewed without swallowing the juice[5].

The bark is employed in astringent baths and poultices[7].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Hedge

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse[K]. The seed is slow to germinate according to one report[10], but it germinated in 3 weeks in a cold greenhouse with us[K]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots once they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a fairly sunny part of the greenhouse for at least their first winter. If trying them outdoors, then plant them out in early summer of their second or third year's growth after the last expected frosts and give them some protection from the cold for their next winter or two[K]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[6].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Dodonaea viscosa. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a light well-drained soil in a sunny position[10]. Succeeds in almost any fertile soil and in a hot dry position. Resists drought, salt winds and (atmospheric?) pollution[10].

Plants are very wind hardy but are not resistant to frost[11]. They tolerate temperatures down to about -7°c in Australian gardens[12], but are damaged at about 3°c in British gardens[10]. One report says that they succeed outdoors in the mildest gardens in Britain[13]. Plants are growing very well in pots in a polyhouse on our trial grounds in south Cornwall, but they have not survived in the open ground[K]. Our seed source was from Australia, other provenances might be more hardy[K]. Plants are difficult to transplant when they are more than 60 centimetres tall[10]. Polymorphic, there are a number of sub-species[8][12].

Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Dodonaea viscosa. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Dodonaea viscosa.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Dodonaea viscosa
Genus
Dodonaea
Family
Sapindaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
9
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Starr 011003-0149 Dodonaea viscosa.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Starr 011003-0149 Dodonaea viscosa.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Starr 011003-0149 Dodonaea viscosa.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Starr 011003-0149 Dodonaea viscosa.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.5 Lassak. E. V. and McCarthy. T. Australian Medicinal Plants. ()
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Pesman. M. W. Meet Flora Mexicana. Dale S. King. Arizona. (1962-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.55.6 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Ewart. A. J. Flora of Victoria. ()
  9. ? 9.09.1 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  11. ? Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Wrigley. J. W. and Fagg. M. Australian Native Plants. Collins. (Australia) ISBN 0-7322-0021-0 (1988-00-00)
  13. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)

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